Java Tutorial

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Java Loops

Java Do While Loop Java While Loop Java For Loop Java Enhanced For Loop

Java Programs

Java Basic Programs Factorial Program in Java Fibonacci Series Program in Java Prime Number Program in Java Palindrome Number Program in Java Armstrong Number Program in Java Anagram Program in Java Pattern Programs in Java Calculator Program in Java Leap Year Program in Java Addition Program in Java Number Pattern Programs in Java Star Pattern Programs in Java Package Program in Java Pyramid Program in Java Sorting Program in Java String Palindrome Program in Java Even Odd Program in Java For Loop Program in Java If Else Program in Java Switch Case Program in Java GCD Program in Java LCM Program in Java Hello Program in Java Matrix Program in Java Menu Driven Program in Java Series Program in Java Client Server Program in Java Swapping Program in Java Pig Latin Program in Java Tower of Hanoi Program in Java Recursion Program in Java Matrix Multiplication Program in Java Perfect Number Program in Java Classes and Objects in Java Example Programs String Programs in Java Array Programs in Java Constructor Program in Java Inheritance Program in Java Abstract class Program in Java Interface Program in Java Encapsulation Program in Java Polymorphism Program in Java Exception Handling Program in Java Multithreading Program in Java Thread Program in Java Collection Programs in Java ArrayList Program in Java Stack Program in Java Applet Program in Java Swing Program in Java JDBC Program in Java How to run Java program in command prompt How to run Java program in Eclipse Program to find and replace characters on string in java Program to find the duplicate characters in a string Program to check whether a given character is present in a string or not Java Program to Print Permutations of String Java program to find frequency of characters in a string Java Program to remove duplicate characters in a string

Java Sorting

Sorting Algorithms in Java Merge Sort in Java Quick Sort in Java Bubble Sort in Java Insertion Sort in Java Selection Sort in Java Heap Sort in Java Radix Sort in Java Topological Sort in Java Bucket Sort in Java Counting Sort in Java

Java OOPs Concepts

OOPs - Object Oriented Programming Objects and Classes in Java Methods in Java Java Naming Conventions Constructors in Java Java this keyword Java static keyword Inheritance in Java Aggregation in Java Java super keyword Constructor Chaining and Constructor Overloading Java Polymorphism Static and Dynamic Binding in Java Java Abstraction Abstract class in Java Interface in Java Difference between Abstract class and Interface Java final keyword Packages in Java Access Modifiers in Java Java Wrapper classes Java Numbers Java Characters Java Integer Java Boolean Java Arrays Java Command Line Arguments Java strictfp Keyword Java Math

Java Strings

Java Strings Java String Methods StringBuilder in Java StringBuffer in Java Java Regular Expressions StringBuffer vs StringBuilder String vs StringBuffer String vs StringBuilder String Manipulation in Java Java String Concatenation How to Reverse a String in Java String Array in Java How to Compare Two Strings in Java How to Concatenate Two Strings in Java Why String in Immutable in Java Java.lang.NumberFormatException for Input String String Pool in Java Java Generate Random String How to take String Input in Java Java String Interview Questions

Java Exceptions

Exception Handling in Java Java try catch Java throw Java throws Difference between throw and throws Java finally Java Custom Exception Java Exception Propagation

Garbage Collection

Automatic Resource Management in Java Java Garbage Collection Java finalize() Java gc() Difference between final, finally and finalize


Multithreading in Java Process and Thread in Java Basic Terms in Multithreading Java Thread creation Thread Scheduler in Java Java Thread class DeadLock in Java

Java IO

Java IO Java Read File Java file Reader Java Buffer Reader Java file Writer Java BufferedWriter Java InputStreamReader Scanner in Java Java StringReader Java StringReader Class Java PrintWriter Java File Java Read File Line By Line Java FileInputStream Java FileOutputStream Java Create File Java Delete File Java Open File Java Read File to String Java copy file Java Read JSON file Jar File in Java Java FileNotFoundException


Java Serialization Java transient


Java Network Programming Java Socket Programming Java URL Java URLConnection HttpURLConnection in Java Java InetAddress Java DatagramSocket and Java DatagramPacket


Java AWT


Swing in Java

Java Collections

Collections in Java Java List Interface ArrayList in Java LinkedList in Java Vector in Java Stack in Java ArrayList vs LinkedList in Java ArrayList vs Vector in Java Java Set Interface HashSet in Java LinkedHashSet in Java TreeSet in Java Java Queue Interface PriorityQueue in Java ArrayDeque in Java Java Map Interface HashMap in Java LinkedHashMap in Java TreeMap in Java Dictionary in Java Hashtable in Java Properties in Java Collections class in Java Java Comparable Java Comparator Comparable vs Comparator in Java

Java Generics

Generics in Java

Java Annotations

Annotations in Java


Java JDBC Tutorial JDBC Architecture Types of JDBC Drivers JDBC vs ODBC Java Database Connectivity with MySQL Statements in java Prepared statement in Java Resultset in java Java ResultSetMetaData DatabaseMetaData in Java Callable Statement in Java Transaction Management in java Design of JDBC

Java Differences

Java vs JavaScript Python vs Java Kotlin vs Java Java vs C++ C# vs Java Java float vs double Java vs Scala Static vs Non-static in Java C vs Java int vs Integer in Java Java protected vs private Java vs Dot Net Stack vs Heap in Java Java Array vs ArrayList Java SE vs EE Difference between = = and equals ( ) in java Difference between C, C++, java

How to

How to run Java program How to set path in Java How to check the Java version in cmd How to install Java in Windows 10 How to run Java program in cmd How to add double quotes in a string in Java How to convert list to String in Java How to call a method in Java How to sort an array in Java How to iterate HashMap in Java How to write Java program How to create an array in Java How to create a package in Java How to generate random numbers in Java How to input String in Java How to create thread in Java How to find length of String in Java How to sort a string in Java How to use scanner in Java How to achieve multiple inheritance in Java How to find the length of an Array in Java How to run Java program in Eclipse How to call a function in Java How to create array of objects in Java How to create custom exception in Java How to import packages in Java How to run applet Program in Java How to take Array Input in Java How to achieve abstraction in Java How to call static method in Java How to compare characters in Java How to compare dates in Java How to create a linked list in Java How to get ASCII value of char in Java How to initialize string array in Java How to Install Java on MAC How to run java program in ubuntu How to find characters with the maximum number of times in a string java How to Set Java_home in Linux How to Split the String in Java with Delimiter How to uninstall the Java in Ubuntu How to Split String by Comma in Java How to remove special characters from String in Java How to remove last character from String in Java

Java 8 Features

Java 8 Features Lambda Expressions in Java Functional Interface in Java Streams in Java Java Base64 Encoding and Decoding Java Stringjoiner Class Parallel Arrays Sort in Java

Java 9 Features

Java 9 Tutorial Java 9 Try With Resources Java 9 Interface Private Method

Java 16

Java 16

Java 17

What is new in Java 17

Java Servlet Tutorial

Java Servlets Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Java Math Methods

Math.abs() Math.acos() Math.addExact() Math.asin() Math.atan () Math.atan2() Math.cbrt() Math.ceil() Math.copysign() Math.cos() Math.cosh() Math.decrementExact() Math.exp() Math.expm1() Math.floor() Math.floorDiv() Math.floorMod() Math.fma() Math.getExponent() Math.hypot() Math.IEEEremainder() Math.incrementExact() Math.log() Math.log10() Math.log1p() Math.max() Math.min() Math.multiplyExact() Math.multiplyFull() Math.negateExact() Math.nextAfter() Math.nextDown() Math.nextUp() Math.pow() Math.random() Math.rint() Math.round() Math.scalb() Math.signum() Math.sin() Math.sinh() Math.sqrt() Math.subtractExact() Math.tan() Math.tanh() Math.toDegrees() Math.toIntExact() Math.toRadians() Math.ulp()

Java String Methods

toCharArray() copyValueOf() endsWith() equals() equalsIgnoreCase() format() getBytes() getChars() hashCode() indexOf() intern() isEmpty() join() lastIndexOf() length() replace() replaceAll() replaceFirst() split() startsWith() subSequence() substring() toLowerCase() toUpperCase() trim() valueOf()

Java Conversion

Java Convert String to int Java Convert int to String Java Convert String to long Java Convert long to String Java Convert String to float Java Convert float to String Java Convert String to double Java Convert double to String Java Convert String to Date Java Convert Date to String Java Convert String to Object Java Convert Object to String Java Convert String to char Java Convert char to String Java Convert int to long Java Convert long to int


Functional Interfaces in Java Singleton class in Java Awesome explanation of Strings in Java Object class in Java Static class in Java All the important string methods in Java String Handling Method in Java What are Array strings in Java Advantages and Disadvantages of Strings in Java Big Decimal class in Java Class definition in Java Char and String differences in Java Difference between String, StringBuffer and StringBuilder in java Replace character in string Java String Coding Interview Questions in Java What is String in Java? String isnullorempty in Java String Matches in Java Trim Method in String Java Bean class in Java Libraries in Java Arithmetic Operations on String in Java Convert Char array to string in java Check whether Java is installed or not How to calculate time difference in Java How to stop execution after a certain time in Java Jagged Array in Java Java ArraylistRemove() Time Complexity Java Swing Time Picker Zigzag Array in Java Array and String based questions in Java Array and String with Examples in Java Best Practices to use String Class in Java What is string in Java why it's immutable Java String Java String Inbuilt functions Java String Matches vs Contains Sum of digits in string in java Check the presence of Substring in a String in java Java import packages Interfaces and Classes in Strings in Java Maximum length of string in java Hidden classes in Java Class memory in Java public static void main string args meaning in java Reverse a String in Java String Concatenation in Java Difference between String and Char Array in Java Buffer reader to read string in Java Split String into String Array in Java Reverse a String using Collections in Java Upcasting and Downcasting in Java String Declaration in Java Method Overloading In Java Java Solid Principles Java Architecture Binary Search Java Star Program in Java Java Type Casting Java Pass-by-Reference Java Framework List Java Destructors Java Control Statements Java Byte Code Java Beans Java Identifiers Character Array in Java Java Applications Java Substring Java Session Non-primitive data types in Java Matrix Multiplication in Java JIT in Java Java Tokens Java Externalization Default Virtual Behaviour in C++ vs Java Why we use static in Java Session Tracking in Java Knapsack problem in Java Java Logo Java exception list Java Iterator Java instance variable Frugal number in Java Fork Join in Java Date time API in java Compile time vs Runtime in java Compare time in java AES 256 Encryption in Java Advanced Java skills What is advance Java? User Defined Exception in Java Upcasting in Java Tree Implementation in Java Special Operators in Java Reentrant Lock in Java Perfect Number in Java Java logger Java LinkedList vs ArrayList File Operation in Java Differences between Byte Code and Machine Code Difference between String Tokenizer and split Method in Java Difference between JIT and JVM in Java Constructor Overloading in Java Conditional operator in Java Concurrent Linked Deque in Java with Examples Command Class in Java Java Break Keyword Best Java IDE Association in Java Access specifiers in Java

Java logger

Logging is a crucial Java feature that aids developers in identifying issues. The logging methodology is included with Java as the programming language. It offers the Logging API, which debuted in Java 1.4. The log file can be recorded using this capability. This section will include a thorough analysis of the Java Logger API. We will also talk about the components, the logging handlers or appenders, the logging formatters or layouts, the logging level, the Java Logger class, and the components. It shows how the handlers are handled in the efficient manner and so on, this come across with the covering of every required topic.

What exactly does Java logging?

The Java language has an API called logging that makes it possible to track down programme failures. The event is entered into the LogRecord by the Logger when an application generates the logging call. It then sends to the appropriate handlers or appenders. The appenders format the log record using a formatter or layouts before sending it to the console or file.

Desire for Logging

  • It offers the application's full history of tracing information.
  • If any critical failures occur while running the application, it notes them.

Logging component

The Java Logging components are used by the developers to produce logs and transmit them in the appropriate format to the desired location. The following three components make up the Java logging API:

  • Loggers
  • Handlers or Appenders for Logging
  • Layouts or Formatters for Logging


The Logger objects receive the log request from the client's code and process it. These logger objects maintain a log level that they are interested in and deny requests for logs that are below it.

It is in charge of recording log records, in other words. The records are then sent on to the appropriate appender.

Typically, named entities make up the Loggers objects. objects that are separated by a dot operator., java.awt, etc. are a few examples.

The namespace is controlled by the LogManager and is organised hierarchically. It must match the packaging namespace in alignment. Although it is not necessary to adhere to it precisely. Although it won't show up in the shared namespace, we can also build an anonymous Logger.

The Logger looks for the parent loggers in the namespace for logging. It is the namespace in logging that is most similar to the current ancestorIt's important to know that the root logger is an orphan. It receives a variety of traits from their parent, including:

  • Levels of Logging: If null is supplied, it searches for the top non-null level by moving toward the parent.
  • Handlers: Any message sent to the parent's handlers will be logged by a logger, recursively up the tree.
  • Names of resource bundles: In the event that a logger's resource bundle name is null, it will recursively up the tree inherit the resource bundle name of any parent.

Handlers or Appenders for Logging

  • A Java logger can employ several handlers, and these handlers process the logs appropriately thanks to the Java Logging API. There are five distinct logging handlers available in Java:
  • StreamHandler: The prepared log message is written to an OutputStream.
  • ConsoleHandler: It outputs to the console all of the prepared log messages.
  • Handleroffile: The log message is written in XML format either to a single file or a collection of files that rotate continually.
  • SocketHandler: The external TCP ports are used to write the log message.
  • MemoryHandler: The buffer log records that are memory-resident are managed by it. The ConsoleHandler and FileHandler are the two standard handlers that are provided by the Java Logging API. The Handler class can be modified and extended by creating new instances of it or any of its subclasses (such as MemoryHandler, StreamHandler, etc.). Depending on the logging requirements, the appenders are chosen. The effectiveness of the application may be impacted if you are unsure which appenders to employ.

Layouts or Formatters for Logging

The formatters or layouts for logging are used to transform data into log events and format log messages. The two standard formatters classes that Java SE offers are as follows:

  • SimpleFormatter
  • XMLFormatter


A text message containing broad information is produced by it. It creates log message summaries that are readable by humans. To print the log message to the console, the ConsoleHandler makes use of the class. For instance, the subsequent console message displays

Nov 207, 2022 02:55:55 PM DemoClass main  
Server: There was an exception.


The log message is created in XML format by the XMLFormatter. It records the specifics of the XML structure. It serves as the FileHandler's default formatter. The log entries appear as follows:

<?xml version="2.0" encoding="UTF-10" standalone="nope"?>  
<!DOCTTYPE log SYSTEM "logger.dtd">  
<text>An exception has occurred.</text>  

level We can personalise and construct our own Formatter class by extending the Formatter class. Any handlers can use the modified class.

Other styles, including plain text, Syslog, json, html, etc., can be used if you're using logging frameworks.

Logging Levels of the Java

It also manages the logging details while providing a general indication of the log message's importance and urgency. Each object at the log level has an integer value. Higher values correspond to higher priorities. In total, there are nine levels: seven standard log levels and two special log levels. The first three logging levels—FINEST, FINER, and FINE—represent the extensive tracing data, which includes details about what is occurring in the application and what happened in the application. Let's go over each level of logging in more detail.

  • FINEST: It stands for the extremely thorough tracing message.
  • FINER: It stands for the comprehensive tracing message, which records information about the method as well as any exceptions the programme may have thrown.
  • FINE: Out of all of these, it stands for the most significant message.
  • CONFIG: It displays data pertaining to the settings of the application. The details could include how much memory and disc space there is.
  • INFO: Users' personal data is used by administrators and other authorities.
  • WARNING: It occurs due to user mistake. If a user inputs the wrong credentials, the application shows a warning.
  • The SEVERE: It happens when the application displays some serious or severe problems. The application is unable to proceed in such circumstances. The database being unavailable and running out of memory are two common examples of a severe level.

Establishing the Logging Level

The logging level can be configured with the following sentence.


In addition to providing information about the application's setup, the aforementioned line also sets the logging level to CONFIG. Additionally, it creates a log that extends from the level that is provided to higher levels.

The output logs would have been CONFIG, INFO, WARNING, and SEVERE if the log level had been set to FINE.

As we've demonstrated below, we can also assign it to the configuration file by simply modifying the Logger's settings:

<Logger naam="HintLogger" level="message">  

Events of the logging

You must specify a level while logging events in Java in order to categorise them quickly. The following approaches can be used to designate a level and mention a message:

First method

logger.log(Level.Message, "Display the information");

The level Message and information to be printed are both given in the previous sentence.

Second method"Display information"); 

The setLevel() method is used to ensure that only events with a level of INFO or above are logged by the Java logger.

Log Manager for Java

The class java.util.logging contains the LogManager, which is a component of Java. The logger instances are created and maintained, and the global logging settings is tracked. Additionally, we may use it to configure it for our own application-specific needs. These two items are included in it:

  •  The named Logger's hierarchical namespace.
  • the configuration file is contained in a set of logging control properties.

The getLogManager() method can be used to get the LogManager. With the creation of LogManager, it was automatically initialised. This feature enables container applications (like EJB containers) to override the default LogManager class with their own subclass.

Frameworks for Logging

The logging framework can also be used to simplify the logging notion. The following well-known logging framework is employed for logging:

  • Log4j: A Java-based logging tool called Apache Log4j is open-source.
  • SLF4J:  Simple Logging Facade for Java is what it is called (SLF4J). For several logging frameworks, including Java.util.logging, Log4j, and Logback, it serves as an abstraction layer.
  • Logback: Prior to the release of Log4j version 2, it was developed as an open-source project to serve as a successor.