Java Tutorial Index

Java Tutorial Java Features C++ vs Java Java History Java Hello World Java Development Kit Java Runtime Environment Java Virtual Machine Difference between JDK, JRE, and JVM Memory Areas in Java Java Operators Java Keywords Primitive Data Types Variables

Java Loops

Java Do While Loop Java While Loop Java For Loop Java Enhanced For Loop

Java Programs

Java Basic Programs Factorial Program in Java Fibonacci Series Program in Java Prime Number Program in Java Palindrome Number Program in Java Armstrong Number Program in Java Anagram Program in Java Pattern Programs in Java Calculator Program in Java Leap Year Program in Java Addition Program in Java Number Pattern Programs in Java Star Pattern Programs in Java Package Program in Java Pyramid Program in Java Sorting Program in Java String Palindrome Program in Java Even Odd Program in Java For Loop Program in Java If Else Program in Java Switch Case Program in Java GCD Program in Java LCM Program in Java Hello Program in Java Matrix Program in Java Menu Driven Program in Java Series Program in Java Client Server Program in Java Swapping Program in Java Pig Latin Program in Java Tower of Hanoi Program in Java Recursion Program in Java Matrix Multiplication Program in Java Perfect Number Program in Java Classes and Objects in Java Example Programs String Programs in Java Array Programs in Java Constructor Program in Java Inheritance Program in Java Abstract class Program in Java Interface Program in Java Encapsulation Program in Java Polymorphism Program in Java Exception Handling Program in Java Multithreading Program in Java Thread Program in Java Collection Programs in Java ArrayList Program in Java Stack Program in Java Applet Program in Java Swing Program in Java JDBC Program in Java How to run Java program in command prompt How to run Java program in Eclipse Program to find and replace characters on string in java Program to find the duplicate characters in a string Program to check whether a given character is present in a string or not Java Program to Print Permutations of String Java program to find frequency of characters in a string Java Program to remove duplicate characters in a string

Java Sorting

Sorting Algorithms in Java Merge Sort in Java Quick Sort in Java Bubble Sort in Java Insertion Sort in Java Selection Sort in Java Heap Sort in Java Radix Sort in Java Topological Sort in Java Bucket Sort in Java Counting Sort in Java

Java OOPs Concepts

OOPs - Object Oriented Programming Objects and Classes in Java Methods in Java Java Naming Conventions Constructors in Java Java this keyword Java static keyword Inheritance in Java Aggregation in Java Java super keyword Constructor Chaining and Constructor Overloading Java Polymorphism Static and Dynamic Binding in Java Java Abstraction Abstract class in Java Interface in Java Difference between Abstract class and Interface Java final keyword Packages in Java Access Modifiers in Java Java Wrapper classes Java Numbers Java Characters Java Integer Java Boolean Java Arrays Java Command Line Arguments Java strictfp Keyword Java Math

Java Strings

Java Strings Java String Methods StringBuilder in Java StringBuffer in Java Java Regular Expressions StringBuffer vs StringBuilder String vs StringBuffer String vs StringBuilder String Manipulation in Java Java String Concatenation How to Reverse a String in Java String Array in Java How to Compare Two Strings in Java How to Concatenate Two Strings in Java Why String in Immutable in Java java.lang.NumberFormatException for Input String String Pool in Java Java Generate Random String How to take String Input in Java Java String Interview Questions

Java Exceptions

Exception Handling in Java Java try catch Java throw Java throws Difference between throw and throws Java finally Java Custom Exception Java Exception Propagation

Garbage Collection

Automatic Resource Management in Java Java Garbage Collection Java finalize() Java gc() Difference between final, finally and finalize

Multithreading

Multithreading in Java Process and Thread in Java Basic Terms in Multithreading Java Thread creation Thread Scheduler in Java Java Thread class DeadLock in Java

Java IO

Java IO Java Read File Java file Reader Java Buffer Reader Java file Writer Java BufferedWriter Java InputStreamReader Scanner in Java Java StringReader Java StringReader Class Java StringWriter Class Java PrintWriter Java File Java Read File Line By Line Java FileInputStream Java FileOutputStream Java Create File Java Delete File Java Open File Java Read File to String Java copy file Jar File in Java Java FileNotFoundException

Serialization

Java Serialization Java transient

Networking

Java Network Programming Java Socket Programming Java URL Java URLConnection HttpURLConnection in Java Java InetAddress Java DatagramSocket and Java DatagramPacket

AWT

Java AWT

Swing

Swing in Java

Java Collections

Collections in Java Java List Interface ArrayList in Java LinkedList in Java Vector in Java Stack in Java ArrayList vs LinkedList in Java ArrayList vs Vector in Java Java Set Interface HashSet in Java LinkedHashSet in Java TreeSet in Java Java Queue Interface PriorityQueue in Java Deque in Java ArrayDeque in Java Java Map Interface HashMap in Java LinkedHashMap in Java TreeMap in Java Dictionary in Java Hashtable in Java Properties in Java Collections class in Java Java Comparable Java Comparator Comparable vs Comparator in Java

Java Generics

Generics in Java

Java Annotations

Annotations in Java

Java JDBC

Java JDBC Tutorial JDBC Architecture Types of JDBC Drivers JDBC vs ODBC Java Database Connectivity with MySQL Java Database Connectivity with Oracle Statements in java Prepared statement in Java Resultset in java Java ResultSetMetaData DatabaseMetaData in Java Callable Statement in Java Transaction Management in Java Design of JDBC

Java Differences

Java vs DotNET Java vs JavaScript Python vs Java Kotlin vs Java Java vs C++ C# vs Java Java float vs double Java vs Scala Java vs Go Java vs Golang Java Extends vs Implements Java vs Node.js Static vs Non-static in Java C vs Java int vs Integer in Java Java protected vs private Java vs Dot Net Stack vs Heap in Java Java Array vs ArrayList Java SE vs EE Class vs Object in Java Java vs Bedrock Difference between = = and equals ( ) in java Difference between C, C++, java HashMap Vs HashTable Checked vs Unchecked Exceptions in Java Difference between print() and println() in Java Differences between Lock and Monitor in Java Concurrency Differences between Set and List in Java How to calculate time difference in Java Char and String differences in Java Difference between String, StringBuffer and StringBuilder in java Difference between String and Char Array in Java Differences between Byte Code and Machine Code Difference between String Tokenizer and split Method in Java Difference between JIT and JVM in Java Difference Between Data Hiding and Abstraction in Java Difference between String Tokenizer and Split Method in Java Difference Between BufferedReader and FileReader Difference Between Thread.start() and Thread.run()

How to

How to convert String to String array in Java How to find length of integer in Java How to get Day Name from Date in Java How to open the Java control panel How to resolve Illegal state exceptions in Java How to reverse a linked list in java How to encrypt password in Java How to calculate time complexity of any program in Java How to check version of java in Linux How to enable java in chrome How to run Java program How to set path in Java How to check the Java version in cmd How to install Java in Windows 10 How to run Java program in cmd How to add double quotes in a string in Java How to convert list to String in Java How to call a method in Java How to Set Environment Variables for Java How to sort an array in Java How to Create Immutable Classes in Java How to iterate HashMap in Java How to write Java program How to create an array in Java How to create a package in Java How to generate random numbers in Java How to input String in Java How to Create Singleton Class in Java How to create thread in Java How to find length of String in Java How to sort a string in Java How to use scanner in Java How to achieve multiple inheritance in Java How to find the length of an Array in Java How to Read Java JSON file How to run Java program in Eclipse How to call a function in Java How to create array of objects in Java How to create custom exception in Java How to import packages in Java How to run applet Program in Java How to take Array Input in Java How to achieve abstraction in Java How to call static method in Java How to compare characters in Java How to compare dates in Java How to create a linked list in Java How to download Eclipse for Java How to get ASCII value of char in Java How to get the current date and time in Java How to handle NullPointerException in Java How to initialize string array in Java How to Install Java on MAC How to run java program in ubuntu How to find characters with the maximum number of times in a string java How to Set Java_home in Linux How to Split the String in Java with Delimiter How to take Multiple String Input in Java using Scanner class How to uninstall the Java in Ubuntu How to Update Java How to add Elements in Array in Java How to avoid deadlock in java How to Split String by Comma in Java How to remove special characters from String in Java How to remove last character from String in Java How to Read XML Files in Java How to download and install Eclipse in Windows How to Create an API in Java How to Round Double Float up to Two Decimal Places in Java How to create a mirror image of a 2D array in Java How to set timer in Java

Java 8 Features

Java 8 Features Lambda Expressions in Java Functional Interface in Java Streams in Java Java Base64 Encoding and Decoding Type Annotations in Java Java Stringjoiner Class Parallel Arrays Sort in Java Bifunction in java 8 Java 8 filters list Java 8 Consumer Interface in Java

Java 9 Features

Java 9 Tutorial Java 9 Try With Resources Java 9 Interface Private Method

Java 12

What’s new in Java 12

Java 13

Java 13 New Features

Java 14

New Features of Java 14

Java 15

What’s New in Java 15

Java 16

Java 16

Java 17

What is new in Java 17

Java Servlet Tutorial

Java Servlets Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Hiberate Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial Jenkins java net socket connection time out

Java Math Methods

Math.abs() Math.acos() Math.addExact() Math.asin() Math.atan () Math.atan2() Math.cbrt() Math.ceil() Math.copysign() Math.cos() Math.cosh() Math.decrementExact() Math.exp() Math.expm1() Math.floor() Math.floorDiv() Math.floorMod() Math.fma() Math.getExponent() Math.hypot() Math.IEEEremainder() Math.incrementExact() Math.log() Math.log10() Math.log1p() Math.max() Math.min() Math.multiplyExact() Math.multiplyFull() Math.negateExact() Math.nextAfter() Math.nextDown() Math.nextUp() Math.pow() Math.random() Math.rint() Math.round() Math.scalb() Math.signum() Math.sin() Math.sinh() Math.sqrt() Math.subtractExact() Math.tan() Math.tanh() Math.toDegrees() Math.toIntExact() Math.toRadians() Math.ulp()

Java String Methods

toCharArray() copyValueOf() endsWith() equals() equalsIgnoreCase() format() getBytes() getChars() hashCode() indexOf() intern() isEmpty() join() lastIndexOf() length() replace() replaceAll() replaceFirst() split() startsWith() subSequence() substring() toLowerCase() toUpperCase() trim() valueOf()

Java Conversion

Java Convert String to int Java Convert int to String Java Convert String to long Java Convert long to String Java Convert String to float Java Convert float to String Java Convert String to double Java Convert double to String Java Convert String to Date Java Convert Date to String Java Convert String to Object Java Convert Object to String Java Convert String to char Java Convert char to String Java Convert int to long Java Convert long to int

Misc

List all files in a Directory in Java Nonagonal number in Java Null Pointer Exception in Java Package naming convention in Java Packages Program in java Pangram Program in Java PriorityBlockingQueue Class in Java Race Condition in Java Repdigit Numbers in Java Reserved Keywords in Java Rotate matrix by 90 degrees in Java Segment Tree in Java Sierpinski Number in Java Sort Dates in Java Thread Safety and How to Achieve it in Java Normal and Trace of a Matrix in Java Transient variable in Java Tribonacci series in Java Web Crawler in Java Zigzag Traversal of Binary Tree in Java Java Full Stack Java IO filenotfoundexception Java Output Formatting Java Plot Java Pop Java program to print matrix in Z form Java Set to List Java Switch string Java Thread Lifecycle: States and Stages Java Viva Questions and Answers Lazy Propagation in Segment Tree in Java Level order Traversal of a Binary Tree in Java Method chaining in Java Narcissistic Number in Java Java Case Keyword Java Try-Catch Block Java Class KeywordJava concurrency interview questions Java Continue Keyword Java CountDownLatch Java Default Keyword Java Double Keyword Java Editors Java Else Keyword Java Enum Keyword Java Extends keywordJava Finally Keyword Java Font Example of Static import in Java How Many Ways to Create Objects in Java Implementing Queue Using Array in Java Instanceof operator in Java Interchange Diagonal elements in Java Java Arrays Fill Java Char Keyword Convert list to array Java Convert milliseconds to date in Java Copy data/content from one file to another in java CRC Program in Java Creating a Jar file in Java Crown Pattern in Java Difference Between Access Specifiers and Modifiers in Java Difference Between Java and PHP Difference Between replace() and replaceall() in Java Duodecimal in Java Finding middle node of a linked list in Java Group by in Java 8 Hollow Diamond Pattern in Java How annotations work in Java Java Boyer Moore Catalan number in Java Cosmic Superclass in Java Difference between this and super in Java Fall through in Java Figurate Number in Java Java Anon Proxy Java RMI Lazy loading in Java Magnanimous Number in java Shallow copy in Java String to JSON in Java Tetranacci Number in Java Vigesimal in Java Why main method is static in Java Add Time in Java Bellman Ford Algorithm in Java Best Java Libraries Blockchain in Java Blocking Queue in Java Example Bully Algorithm code in Java Contextual keywords in Java Convert JSON File to String in Java Determine the Upper Bound of a Two-Dimensional Array in Java Java.net.ConnectionException Java.net.SocketException Web Service Response Time Calculation in Java Functional Interfaces in Java Singleton class in Java Awesome explanation of Strings in Java Object class in Java Static class in Java All the important string methods in Java String Handling Method in Java What are Array strings in Java Advantages and Disadvantages of Strings in Java Big Decimal class in Java Class definition in Java Replace character in string Java String Coding Interview Questions in Java What is String in Java? String isnullorempty in Java String Matches in Java Trim Method in String Java Bean class in Java Libraries in Java Arithmetic Operations on String in Java Convert Char array to string in java Check whether Java is installed or not How to stop execution after a certain time in Java Jagged Array in Java Java ArraylistRemove() Time Complexity Java Swing Time Picker Zigzag Array in Java Array and String based questions in Java Array and String with Examples in Java Best Practices to use String Class in Java What is string in Java why it's immutable Java String Java String Inbuilt functions Java String Matches vs Contains Sum of digits in string in java Check the presence of Substring in a String in java Java import packages Interfaces and Classes in Strings in Java Maximum length of string in java Hidden classes in Java Class memory in Java public static void main string args meaning in java Reverse a String in Java String Concatenation in Java Buffer reader to read string in Java Split String into String Array in Java Reverse a String using Collections in Java Upcasting and Downcasting in Java String Declaration in Java Method Overloading In Java Java Solid Principles Java Architecture Binary Search Java Star Program in Java Java Type Casting Java Pass-by-Reference Java Framework List Java Destructors Java Control Statements Java Byte Code Java Beans Java Identifiers Character Array in Java Java Applications Java Substring Java Session Non-primitive data types in Java Matrix Multiplication in Java JIT in Java Java Tokens Java Externalization Default Virtual Behaviour in C++ vs Java Why we use static in Java Session Tracking in Java Knapsack problem in Java Java Logo Java exception list Java Iterator Java instance variable Frugal number in Java Fork Join in Java Date time API in java Compile time vs Runtime in java Compare time in java AES 256 Encryption in Java Advanced Java skills What is advance Java? User Defined Exception in Java Upcasting in Java Tree Implementation in Java Special Operators in Java Reentrant Lock in Java Perfect Number in Java Java logger Java LinkedList vs ArrayList File Operation in Java Constructor Overloading in Java Conditional operator in Java Concurrent Linked Deque in Java with Examples Command Class in Java Java Break Keyword Best Java IDE Association in Java Access specifiers in Java AbstractSet Class in Java Adapter class in Java Composition in Java Mutable and Immutable in Java Static() Function in Java Traverse through HashMap in Java Vectors in Java Creation of Multi Thread in java Java Enumeration Compile-time Error in Java Java Get Time in UTC Java.sql.Time Format Structure of Java Program Thread Concept in Java Creation of Multi-Thread in Java Enterprise Java Beans POJO in Java Volatile keyword in Java Java Constant Collection Interfaces in Java with Examples Deadlock Prevention and avoidance in Java Java Boolean Keyword Java Byte Keyword Java List Implementations Java Xml Parser Method Overriding in Java RMI program in Java Virtual Function in Java What is interpreter in Java? Advanced Java Viva Questions Application of Array in Java Economical number in Java Iterate JSON array in Java Java callable example Java Command not found Java Date add Days Java File Extension Java Location Java Trim User Defined Custom Exceptions in Java Java array list remove time complexity Java.lang.Exception.NoRunnableMethods Java Map Example Java Obfuscator Java Pi Java Queue Java time local date Java Xmx Uses of Java Applet Life Cycle in Java Best Java Security Framework BigDecimal toString() in Java Jdoodle Java Literals in Java MVC in Java Powerful Number in Java Read the XLSX file in Java Relatively Prime in Java Root exception in java What is anagram in Java? Accessors and Mutator in Java Bottom view of a binary tree in Java Convert List to String in Java Equidigital in Java How to check data type in Java IdentityHashMap in Java Java Clone Array Java LDAP Authentication Java List Node Java Password Generator Magic Square in Java Pancake Sorting in Java Practical Number in Java Sublime Number in Java Sudoku in Java Compare Two Times in Java Diffie Hellman Algorithm in Java How to Reduce Time Complexity in Java Java calculate age Map of Map in Java Minimum XOR value pair in Java Palindrome Partitioning problem in Java Pernicious Number in Java Prime Points in Java Rectangular Numbers in Java Sleep Time in Java The final Keyword in Java Types of Statements in Java Unicode System in Java Zig Zag star and Number Pattern in Java Balanced Prime Number in Java ConcurrentSkipListSet in Java Construct the Largest Number from the Given Array in Java CopyOnWriteArrayList in Java Cyclic Barrier in Java Dangling Else problem in Java Display Unique Rows in a Binary Matrix in Java Empty Statement in Java Factorial of a Large Number in Java Facts about null in Java Rehashing in Java Singleton Design Pattern in Java Zebra Puzzle Problem in Java XOR of Array Elements Except Itself in Java Types of Sockets in Java Thread Synchronization in Java Set Up the Environment in Java Method and Block Synchronization in Java Fibodiv Number in Java House Numbers in Java GCD of Different SubSequences in Java Hogben Numbers in Java Decagonal Numbers in Java Converting Roman to Integer Numerals in java Check if the given array is mirror inverse in Java Caesar Cipher Program in Java Block Swap Algorithm for array rotation in Java Java Binary Tree Binary Strings Without Consecutive Ones in Java Beautiful Array in Java Balanced Parentheses in Java Arithmetic exception in Java Add numbers represented by Linked Lists in Java Two Decimal Places Java Intersection Point of two linked list in Java Find next greater number with same set of digits in Java Getter and Setter Method in Java Example Java Binary to Hexadecimal Java Calculate Average of List Iccanobif Numbers in Java Java delete directory Java For Keyword Java Float Keyword Java Instanceof Keyword Java If Keyword Java Int Keyword Java Import Keyword Java Package Keyword Java Static Keyword Java Public Keyword Java Implements Keyword Java Private keyword Java Protected Keyword Java Short Keyword Java Long Keyword Java Interface Keyword Java Try Keyword Java New Keyword Java Return Keyword Tug of War in Java Types of Events in Java

Java InetAddress class

InetAddress class

The InetAddress class refers to the IP address, both IPv4 and IPv6.An instance of an InetAddress consists of an IP address and possibly its corresponding hostname. It provides a method to get the IP address of the hostname and hostname of the IP address. An IP address represents a 32 bit or 128-bit unsigned number. The InetAddress class represents a cache to store successful as well as the unsuccessful hostname.

TCP/IP Protocol

TCP/IP refers to the suite of communication protocols used to interconnect network devices on the Internet. TCP/IP applies to the data exchanges between end-to-end communications over the internet. It indicates how it should be broken into packets, addressed, transmitted, routed, and received at the destination. There are two main protocols in the suite that serve specific functions.

TCP specifies a way applications can create channels of communication across a network. It also specifies how a message assembles into smaller packets before they transmit over the Internet and reassembles in the right order at the destination address.

IP refers to how to address and route each packet to make sure it reaches the right destination. The gateway computer on the network checks this IP address to determine where to forward the message.

IP Address

An IP address is a numerical representation that uniquely identifies a specific resource on the network. IP address specifies the IPv4 and IPv6.

Addresses in IPV4 are 32-bits long, which allows for a maximum of 232 unique addresses. IPv6 has a 128-bits address, which provides 2128 unique addresses.

IP addresses indicate in binary numbers but are typically expressed in decimal form (IPv4) or hexadecimal form(IPv6) for making them more accessible to humans.

IP versions      

IPv4 addresses

The IPv4 protocol has 232 addresses. Addresses in IPv4 are 32-bits long and to create a maximum of 4,294,967,296 unique addresses. IPv4 is 32- bit binary numbers, contain two sub-addresses, the network and the host with an imaginary boundary separating both network and host. An IP address specifies as 4 octets of numbers from 0-255 represented in decimal form. An IPv4 address specifies in dotted-decimal notation, with every eight bits (octet) represented by a number from 1 to 255, each separated by a dot. An example of an IPv4 address looks like this: 192.168.17.43.

IPv4 addresses are composed of two parts. The first number in the address specifies the network, while the second number specifies the host. A network host denotes the computer connected to a computer network. A host specifies to the server offering information resources, services, and applications to users or other nodes on the network. It is a network that uses the various protocols and attaches the various hosts for their inter-communications.

Addressing modes of IPv4

  • Unicast Addressing mode

The data will be sent only to one intended host and the destination.

  • Broadcast Addressing Mode

The packet will be sent to all the hosts in a network segment.

  • Multicast Addressing mode

Multicast Addressing mode has a combination of both the previous two modes. The server sends packets that are entertained by more than one server. The network has one IP address for the Network Number, which represents the network, and one IP address is for the Broadcast address, which represents all the hosts in that network.

Classes of the IPv4

  • Class A

In Class A network, the first eight bits represent the network part of the address, while the remaining part of the address is the host part of the address. There are128 possible Class A networks. Class A has an address range 0.0.0.0 to 127.0.0.0

  • Class B

In Class B network, the network part of the address is represented by the first 16 bits, and the remaining part is referred to as the host part of the address. It has range from 128.0.0.0 to 191.255.0.0. There are near about 16,384 Class B networks.

  • Class C

In Class C network, the first 24 bits of the address represent the network address, and the remaining part denotes the host address. Class C has network addresses range from 192.0.0.0 to 223.255.255.0. There are near about 2 million possible Class C networks.

  • Class D

In Class D network uses for multicasting applications. It has 32-bit network addresses, represents to the multicast groups in the range of 224.0.0.0 ---------239.255.255.255. Within the Class D address space, there are no host addresses.

  • Class E

In Class E networks having the addresses from 240.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. Its usage was never defined as this class is reserved. Due to this, most network implementations discard these addresses as illegal or undefined. The 255.255.255.255 address is considered as an exception, which is used as a broadcast address.

IPv4 address exhaustion

Initially, IPv4 specification was designed for the DARPA network. At the time, the 232 addresses were certainly considered sufficient. It became apparent that the IPv4 address space would not be big enough for a worldwide Internet with numerous connected devices per person. This will lead to the generation of the IPv6 addresses.

 IPv6 addresses

To avoid the address space issue in technology, IPV6 created an enormous address space for the network. The address space increases from IPv4 32 bits to IPv6 128 bits having 3.4*1038 (2128) unique addresses, which is reportedly enough addresses to assign one to every single atom on the surface of the earth. IPv6 specifies eight sets of four hexadecimal digits, which is separated by a colon. IPv6 address looks like 2DAB:FFFF:0000:3EAE:01AA:00FF:DD72:2C4A.There are no defined classes in the IPv6 version.

Addressing modes of IPv6

  • Unicast addressing mode

     The IPv6 packet consists of source and destination IP addresses.

The host has an IP address that is unique in that network segment. Whenever a network router receives a unicast IP packet, destined to a single host, it sends out one of its outgoing interface which connects to that particular host.

  • Multicast addressing mode

The packet destined to multiple hosts sends on a special multicast address. All the host’s interest in that multicast information, need to join that multicast group first. All the interfaces which are involved in that group receive the multicast packet and process it, while other hosts not interested in multicast packets ignore the multicast information.

  • Anycast addressing mode

Multiple hosts are assigned the same Anycast IP address. When a host wants to communicate with a host equipped with an Anycast IP address, it sends a Unicast message. By using the complex routing mechanism, that Unicast message delivers to the host closest to the sender in terms of routing cost.

Name Resolution

To remember the IP address of every device is not possible in both the case of both IPv4 and IPv6.The name resolution is a way of reconciling an IP address to a user-friendly computer domain name. The Domain Name Servers consists of a directory of domain names and translate them to Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. Although domain names are easy to remember, access websites based on IP addresses are accessible.

Whenever a client writes a web address www.google.com, your DNS associated with the domain name translates it into a machine-friendly IP address and directs your Internet connection to the correct website.

Methods of InetAddress

The InetAddress class doesn’t have public constructors, so you create a new instance by using one of its factory methods.

Factory methods: These methods are static methods in a class which return an instance of that class

Method Description
  public  static InetAddress getByName(String host) It creates an InetAddress object based on the provided hostname.
   public static InetAddress getByAddress(byte[] addr) It returns an InetAddress  object from a byte array of the raw IP address.
  public static getAllByName(String host) It returns an array of InetAddress objects from the specified hostname, as a hostname can be associated with several IP addresses.
public static InetAddress  getLocalHost() It returns the instance of InetAddress containing the local hostname and address.

Methods of InetAddress class:

Method Description
public  byte[] getAddress() It returns the raw IP address of this InetAddress object as an array.
public String getHostAddress() It returns IP address in textual form.
public boolean isAnyLocalAddress() It returns true if this address represents a local address.
public boolean isLinkLocalAddress() It returns true if this address is a link local address.
public boolean isLoopbackAddress() It returns true if this address is a loopback address.
public boolean isMCGlobal() It used to check whether the  multicast address has a global scope or not
public boolean isMCLinkLocal() It is used to check utility routine if the multicast address has a link scope or not.
public boolean isMCNodeLocal() It is used to check the utility routine if the multicast address has node scope or not.
public boolean isMCOrgLocal() It is used to check utility routine if the multicast address has organization scope or not.
public boolean isMCSiteLocal() It returns true if this multicast address has site scope.
public boolean isMulticastAddress() It returns true if this address is an IP multicast address.
public boolean isSiteLocalAddress() It returns true if this address is a site local address.
public int hashCode() It returns the hashcode associated with this address object.
public boolean equals(Object obj) It returns true if this IP address is the same as that of the object specified.

Example 1:  To get the localhost address of the system.

import java.net.InetAddress;
class inet{
public static void main(String s1[])throws Exception
{
InetAddress add=InetAddress.getLocalHost();
System.out.println(add);
}
} 

The output of the above program:

localhost address of the system

Example 2: List all IP address associate with a given hostname/domain.

import java.net.InetAddress;
class inet
{
public static void main(String s5[])throws Exception
{
InetAddress[] add=InetAddress.getAllByName("google.com");
for(InetAddress addr:add)
System.out.println(addr.getHostAddress());
}
} 

The output of the above program:

IP address associate with a given hostname

Example 3: To check two IPs are equal or not by using equals() method.

import java.net.InetAddress;
 public class InetAddressMethods
 {
 public static void main(String s[])
 {
 try
 {
 InetAddress ip1=InetAddress.getByName("www.google.com");
 System.out.println("hostname 1"+ip1.getHostName());
 InetAddress ip2=InetAddress.getByName("www.google.com");
 System.out.println("hostname1"+ip2.getHostName());
 if(ip1.equals(ip1))
 {
 System.out.println("both are equals");
 }
 else
 {
 System.out.println("both are not equals"); 
 }
 }
 catch(Exception e)
 {
 System.out.println(e);
 }
 }
 } 

The output of the program:

To check two IPs are equal or not by using equals() method.

Example 4: Using the various methods of the InetAddress class.

import java.net.InetAddress;
 public class InetAddressMethods
 {
 public static void main(String s[])
 {
 try
 {
 // It returns the loopback address.
 InetAddress addr=InetAddress.getLoopbackAddress();
 System.out.println("The loopback address"+addr.getHostAddress());
 //It returns the hashcode for the object on which this method is invoked.
 byte[] hashC=new byte[]{127,1,0,0};
 System.out.println("the hashcode"+hashC.hashCode()); 
 //It is used to check whether the InetAddress represents local address or not.
 InetAddress addF=InetAddress.getByName("www.facebook.com");
 System.out.println("local address or not:="+addF.isAnyLocalAddress()); 
 //It returns true if this address is a link local address
 InetAddress addY=InetAddress.getByName("www.yahoo.com");
 System.out.println("link local address or not:="+addY.isLinkLocalAddress());
 //is used to check whether the multicast address has a global scope or not.
 InetAddress addC=InetAddress.getByName("www.ctect.com");
 System.out.println("multicast address has global scope or not:="+addC.isMCGlobal());
 //It is used to check utility routine if the multicast address has link scope or not.
 InetAddress addG=InetAddress.getByName("www.google.com"); 
 System.out.println("multicast address has link scope or not:="+addG.isMCLinkLocal());
 // is used to check utility routine if the multicast address has node scope or not.
 InetAddress addJ=InetAddress.getByName("www.javatpoint.com");
 System.out.println("multicast address has node scope or not:="+addJ.isMCNodeLocal());
 // is used to check utility routine if the multicast address has organization scope or not.
 InetAddress addt=InetAddress.getByName("www.tutorialandexample.com");
 System.out.println("multicast address has organization scope or not:="+addt.isMCOrgLocal());
 } 
 catch(Exception e)
 {
 System.out.println(e);
 }
 }
 } 

The output of the above program:

Using the various methods of the InetAddress class.

Example 5: The toString() method of InetAddress class converts the IP address to a String.  

import java.net.InetAddress;
 public class InetAddressMethods
 {
 public static void main(String s[])
 {
 try
 {
 //The toString() method of InetAddress class converts this IP address to a String.   
  InetAddress ip=InetAddress.getByName("www.tutorialandexample.com");  
  InetAddress ip1=InetAddress.getByName("www.google.com");   
  String s1= ip.toString();  
  String s2=ip1.toString();  
  System.out.println("string1. "+s1);  
  System.out.println("string2. "+s2);  
 }
 catch(Exception e)
 {
 System.out.println(e); 
 }
 }
 } 

The output of the program:

method of InetAddress class converts the IP address to a String.



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