Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

How can I test how many words I can write a minute

The most used metric for measuring typing speed is WPM, in words per minute. On average, the "word" has 5 characters. To calculate WPM, multiply the number of words typed in a minute without mistakes by five. If you type 100 words per minute, including spaces, your typing speed would be 20 WPM.

How can I test how many  words I can write a minute

Do you want to know how effective a communicator you are? Words per minute (WPM) measures how rapidly you can create and recognize words when speaking to others. The basic formula for calculating your WPM is whether you want to know how quickly you speak, type, or read (# words)/ (# minutes).

How to calculate words per minute

1) Use online typing testing for the quickest results

Nowadays, the quickest way to assess how many words per minute you can type is to use an internet typing test program. You can quickly uncover dozens of similar programs by typing "words per minute typing test" into a search engineDespite the fact that there are numerous programs of this kind accessible, they all function in the same way: You must type a list of words in a specific period., and the application utilizes your performance to determine your WPM.

You can find an excellent program for this at The exam on this page is straightforward: enter each word into the box on the screen, separating them with space until the minute counter reaches zero.

This typing test will inform you of your WPM, how many mistakes you made, and what % of test takers you scored in.

2) Open a word processor and set a timer instead

This approach requires a word processor or notepad application, a stopwatch or timer, and a source of text that may be copied. You may also manually calculate your typing speed.

Generally, the longer you put yourself to the test, the better you'll handle fluke performances. Set the timer for any duration.

The length of your writing should ensure that you won't finish it before the allotted time has passed.

3) Start the timer and start typing

Once you're ready, start the timer and copy the text. Try to be as correct as you can; if you spot a typo as you're typing a word, change it; otherwise, you don't need to go back and edit already-completed words. Once the timer goes out, instantly halt copying the text.

4) Subtract the number of words from the number of minutes

Finding your WPM is now simple. By the amount of time, you originally set your timer for, divide the words you typed. Your WPM is the result you receive at the end.

Remember that practically all modern word processors provide a "word count" feature, so you don't have to count your words manually.

Assume, for example, that we type 102 words in one minute and 30 seconds. We may calculate our WPM by dividing 102 words by 1.5 minutes.

Finding Words Read Per Minute

1) Use an online test

Again, using an online speed-reading test tool to determine how many words per minute you can read is your best option. Although they are not as prevalent as typing speed tests, search engine keywords like "reading words per minute" can nevertheless turn up many good ones.

Visit to access one outstanding program. In this program, you read a paragraph at a certain length while timing yourself. The software determines your WPM based on how soon you reach the end after finishing.

2) Alternatively, pull out a stopwatch and copy a large portion of text into a word processor as follows

As previously said, it is also possible to manually locate the WPM you read. Open a word processor, paste one or two pages of text into it (ideally material you haven't read previously), and then be ready to start a stopwatch to finish this activity.

Before you begin, count the words in the text you've chosen using your word processor's "word count" tool. Please keep track of this number because you'll need it later.

Your preferred news website is a fantastic spot to look for lengthy text selections that you haven't read previously. Because the news is updated often, you can find something fresh quickly.

Best Typing Test Websites

1) Monkeytype

Carl Meyer, Matt Page, and other developers at Instagram developed MonkeyType to analyze your code as it executes and provides the type annotations, making it simpler to get started with type hinting.

MonkeyType, a tool for automatically adding a type glossary to your Python 3 code based on runtime tracing of types detected, is now publicly accessible.

Monkeytype is a simple typing test with numerous test settings, a user-configurable account system to record your typing history, and extras like themes and a smooth caret.

Date, in slow mode. Learn some words. With this, a fresh test in custom mode will launch.

Words you type more slowly or mistyped more frequently will have a larger weight and appear more frequently.

2) Keybr

Keybr is a website tool that teaches you to touch typing with workouts customized to your proficiency level. You proceed to levels where you can train your muscle memory to type only based on the feel of the keyboard strokes as your typing practice and speed improve. is a free online typing website that will provide you with the most cutting-edge learning environment and enable you to improve your typing speedily.

This website in the education & reference category will help you type more quickly and accurately. The tagline for keybr is "Become a keyboard ninja! It is simple and stress-free.

3) TypeTest

You can test your keyboard typing speed on the simple website TypeTest. Thanks to the user-friendly design, you can take tests for as long as you like and with a period of 10 seconds, 30 seconds, 1 minute, or 5 minutes.

4) 10FastFingers

Utilize our free typing games to evaluate and speed up your typing.

You may easily check your typing speed and compare it to your peers. One major advantage is that because the typing test only employs the top 200 words from each language, the more you play our typing game, the faster you can type.

Five hundred accurate inputs out of 500 equal 500/500 * 100 = 100% accuracy with 0 incorrect words and 0 corrections.

Using the example of 500 right answers and 25 corrections, the accuracy would be 500/(500+25)*100, or 95.23 percent.

The typical typing speed is between 40 and 50 wpm. You are a fairly proficient typer if you exceed 71 wpm on this. You should be happy with your performance if you score higher than 94 on this.

With our, you can test and speed up your typing. Typing games for free

You may easily check your typing speed and compare it to your peers. One major advantage is that because the typing test only employs the top 200 words from each language, the more you play our typing game, the faster you can type.

5) NitroType

Nitro Type is a worldwide real-time typing competition. Competing with their friends and users from around the world aids pupils in accelerating their typing speed. Students can join and establish teams, chart their progress toward new cars, and join Nitro Type.

This website employs security measures to prevent the loss, misuse, and modification of information under our control. Passwords are hashed thousands of times using distinct randomized salts and the best currently available, reasonable encryption, and are never saved in cleartext at any point.

Users can use the website for free, and a Gold account upgrade is available for $9.99.


To check your keyboard typing speed, you can use the simple website TypeTest, my favorite personal website. Thanks to the user-friendly design, you can take tests for as long as you like and with a period of 10 seconds, 30 seconds, 1 minute, or 5 minutes. is the best option if you're looking for an easy website to measure your typing speed. The results page will display accuracy and gross wpm along with the number of correct and wrong characters entered. If you meet the requirements, you can register an account to advance to the leaderboard.

7) Typing. gg

Typing is a contemporary version of speed test websites with a visually appealing design. If you don't like how the website looks and feels by default, you can choose from various themes. Although Typings may not have as many features as the other typing test websites on this list, it does the job if you only want to test your typing speed.

Following the test, your wpm and accuracy will be displayed beside the word count parameters. By selecting the redo button, you can restart the test anytime. And that is the list of features on Typings.

8) TypeRacer

 TypeRacer is a typing test website where you may compete against friends or people from all around the world. The website has a racing motif, as implied by its name, and users are depicted as vehicles heading toward the finish line. You can practice typing alone in addition to using the racing format.

To keep things new, TypeRacer offers a range of universes based on popular hobbies, such as superhero films, anime, pop music, comic books, and more. Additionally, you can register to preserve your scores.