Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

What is a Toolbar?

A toolbar is a graphical user interface (GUI) element. It is typically located at the top or bottom of a window. It contains buttons, icons, or drop-down menus that allow users to perform various actions or access specific features of a program or application.

One of the main benefits of toolbars is that they make it easier for users to access frequently used commands or options without navigating through multiple menus or submenus. This can save time and increase efficiency when working with a program or application.

Toolbars can also be customized to suit the needs of individual users. For example, users can add or remove buttons from a toolbar or rearrange the order of the buttons to suit their preferences. Some programs and applications allow users to create custom toolbars with specific commands or options unavailable on the default toolbar.

Many modern web browsers, such as Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox, history, and settings. These toolbars can be customized to suit the needs of individual users by adding or removing buttons and rearranging the order of the buttons.

What is a Toolbar

Note: Toolbars can be useful for novice and advanced users, as they make it easy to access features that may be more difficult to find in the main interface.

Advantages of Toolbar

  1. Ease of access: Toolbars provide quick access to frequently used commands or options, making it easier and more efficient for users to work with a program or application.
  2. Customization: Toolbars can be customized to suit the needs of individual users. Users can add or remove buttons from a toolbar or rearrange the order of the buttons to suit their preferences.
  3. Consistency: Toolbars provide a consistent way for users to access commands or options across different programs or applications, making learning and using new software easier.
  4. Increased productivity: By providing quick access to frequently used commands or options, toolbars can help users to work more efficiently and increase their productivity.
  5. Space-saving: Toolbars are typically located at the top or bottom of a window, taking up minimal screen space. This allows more space for the main content of a program or application.
  6. User-friendly: Toolbars are typically simple and easy to use, making them accessible to many users, including those with limited technical skills.

Overall, toolbars are a useful and convenient feature that can make using a program or application more efficient and user-friendly. They provide quick access to frequently used commands or options and can be customized to suit the needs of individual users.

Note: - Customizing the toolbar can be a great way to personalize the software to suit your needs.

Disadvantages of Toolbar

  1. Cluttered interface: A toolbar with too many buttons or options can make the interface appear cluttered and confusing. This can make it difficult for users to find the command or option they need.
  2. Limited screen space: Toolbars take up valuable screen space, which can be an issue on smaller screens or when working with multiple windows simultaneously.
  3. Limited flexibility: Toolbars are typically fixed in one location, making it difficult for users to access commands or options when working with different programs or applications.
  4. Limited discoverability: Toolbars are typically designed for frequently used commands or options, but it may be less discoverable for users to find new features or options that are not on the toolbar.
  5. Outdated commands: Toolbars are often designed with a fixed set of commands or options and may not be updated as frequently as the rest of the software, meaning that the commands may need to be updated or not relevant anymore.
  6. Limited customizability: Some toolbars may have limited customizability options, making it difficult for users to tailor the toolbar to their specific needs.

Overall, toolbars are useful and convenient features, but they can also have limitations. It is important to consider these limitations when designing and using toolbars to create an efficient and user-friendly interface.

Note: - They are designed to improve the usability of the software by making it easy to access the most important features and commands. Some software also allows you to create your custom toolbar by adding frequently used commands.

Uses of Toolbar

Productivity software: Toolbars are often used in productivity software such as word processors, spreadsheet programs, and image editing software to provide quick access to frequently used commands or options.

Web browsers: Many modern web browsers, such as Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox, also have toolbars that provide quick access to features like bookmarks, history, and settings.

Graphic design software: Toolbars are commonly used in graphic design software such as Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator to provide quick access to frequently used commands or options for editing images and graphics.

Development tools: Toolbars are often used in development tools such as code editors and integrated development environments (IDEs) to provide quick access to frequently used commands or options for editing and debugging code.

Video editing software: Toolbars are commonly used in software such as Adobe Premiere and Final Cut Pro to provide quick access to frequently used commands or options for editing video footage.

Gaming: Some games also use toolbars to quickly access frequently used commands or options such as inventory management, settings, and map.

Note: Toolbars can be fixed or detachable and can be located in multiple places on the screen

Importance of Toolbar

  • Improve productivity and efficiency by making it easy to access features.
  • Simplify the user interface by organizing and grouping related commands.
  • Improve the user experience by making it easy to find and use the needed features.
  • Save time and effort by providing easy access to the most important functions of the application.
  • It can be customized to suit individual user preferences and needs.
  • Consistency of command location, making it easy for users to learn and adapt to the software.
  • Help to improve the discoverability of features within the application.
  • Enhancing the overall look and feel of the application by providing a cleaner, more organized interface.
  • The toolbar can also provide access to more advanced features and commands that may not be immediately visible in the main interface.

Note: They can be found at the top of the application window or as a floating window that can be moved around on the screen.

Tips for using Toolbar

  • Familiarize yourself with the icons and buttons on the toolbar: Take some time to learn what each icon or button represents, so you can easily access the features you need.
  • Use keyboard shortcuts: Many toolbar commands have shortcuts, saving you time and effort.
  • Use the right-click menu: Right-clicking on a toolbar often reveals additional options or commands.
  • Keep the toolbar organized: Remove buttons or icons you don't regularly use to keep the toolbar uncluttered.
  • Consider using multiple toolbars: If you find yourself using many different features, consider using multiple toolbars to keep things organized.
  • Use tooltips: Many toolbars have small text labels that appear when you hover over a button. This can be a useful way to remind yourself what a button does.
  • Keep it visible: Ensure the toolbar is always visible so you can quickly access the needed features.
  • Use the context-sensitive toolbar: Many software programs have a context-sensitive toolbar that changes depending on what you currently do in the program.
  • Check for updates: Toolbars are often updated to reflect new features and functionality, so check for updates regularly.
What is a Toolbar

Note: Additionally, some apps have multiple toolbars to separate different types of commands, and they can be shown or hidden as needed.


A toolbar is a set of icons or buttons that allows quick access to frequently used features or commands in a software application. They can be found at the top of the application window or as a floating window that can be moved around on the screen. They are common in many types of software, including word processors, graphic design software, web browsers, and more. Toolbars can be customized to suit individual user preferences and needs and can be fixed or detachable. Some software allows you to create your custom toolbar by adding frequently used commands. They are useful for novice and advanced users, as they make it easy to access features that may be more difficult to find in the main interface.