Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

How much do Computer Programmers make?

With growing technology, people are working fast to pace up with the perpetual demand. Everything which has made our life easier and comfortable has something to do with computer engineering and programming. In simple words, it is the backbone of the modern technology era.

How much do Computer Programmers make?

Computer Programmers shine in many aspects and contribute massively to the development of technology and computers. Many students decide to choose a computer programmer as their profession for ample of reasons, but some people vaguely know about computer programmers and are not aware of his fields, opportunities, perks, and salary. Many incoming freshmen or school pass outs do not know anything about computer engineering. These folks unknowingly enter into the programming profession at the age of 19 but can’t pace up with the skill and technical demand and quit afterward at their 30’s.

This tutorial will briefly discuss the computer programmers, their jobs and duties, the required skill set, and the pay scale offered to them. Before we jump to their salary packages, let’s focus on its definition.  

Definition of Computer Programmers.

Programming coding, you’ve heard these terms many times in your day to day life, but what exactly do they mean?

Programming means writing code and instruction for the computer to perform the computational task. Modern computers can perform billions or trillions of calculations in no time. But we also know that a computer cannot perform anything on its own. So there has to someone who can instruct the computer's step–by–step to perform a specific task. In technical terms, these instructions are known as the program.  

The people working on the program or the instructions or the line of codes are known as computer programmers. There are specific types of programs for different workflows. There are many languages to write instructions, unlike C, C++, Java, Python, etch. The computer programmer's profession involves refining the notions and unraveling the difficulties that arise while transforming the program into code. Writing is not only the only task. It also includes rewriting, debugging, testing, monitoring and revamping the program so as the computer works powerfully and efficiently.

Computers programmers do the problem-solving part by computing various logics and operational mathematics. Well, the programming is further divided into different categories. The programmers who are coding programs to manage the computer hardware resources are known as System programs. The people writing the code are known as system programmers. Some programs are designed to serve particular services or functionality to a user, unlike word, excel, audio players, and all these kinds of programs are known as Application programs. 

Skills one should pursue to become a Computer Programmer

It is said that “If your fundamentals are strong, you can learn different things and can rule away any difficulty in your way.” Well! The same applies to computer programming as well. Today, we have ample of programming languages in the market and many more yet to come. But, they all share one thing in common, i.e., the fundamental concepts. Believe it or not, but every programming language is developed upon the same though the syntax may vary.  So if you hold the fundamentals of any one language firmly, you can easily command other languages. But there are so many people outside who call themselves computer programmers but are unsure about the coding basics concepts and protocols.  So don’t go for programming just because your best friend is doing or parents want or because programming is a white-collar job. People who do that do experience success in their life and end up their programming career very early in age. 

Following the essential skills has one should pursue to achieve a successful career in computer programming:

  1. The first step is to follow your passion and pursue a career that you are interested in. Once you have decided to choose the field of Computer Programming as your career, be determined and never give up. To experience a perpetual growth throughout, keep learning new technologies and be updated.
  2. At the beginner level, deepen your fundamental concepts by choosing any one programming language you find comfortable and interesting. Because, in schools/colleges, you may learn different languages in different semesters. Be a pro and thorough at that language that you find your interest in.
  3. Start solving problems and build a strong logic and problem-solving attitude.
  4. Once you have held command over any particular language, enhance your skills by exploring the other languages. Don’t depend only on your school/college curriculum, because today, different platforms are available to train you in coding and programming language.
  5. Learn any database and different wireframes. Practice to write coding regularly to grab command, practice debugging, texting, rewriting your code. 

Salary of the Computer Programmers

How much do Computer Programmers make?

In any professional job, an employee's pay scale depends on the experience, caliber, skills, and opportunity.  Your personality and talent are the perfect duos at which your professional life depends. If you are good with logic, strong coding fundamentals, and a profound interest in solving problems, you will surely earn a handsome amount and quickly reach the highest salary summit. Although there are levels that are attained with time and experience in the corporate world, and as you climb up the ladder, the perks and pay scale also rises.  If you enter the professional world as a trainee or fresher, your wages would be low. You cannot expect a high-end salary. At that stage, your focus should be entirely on the knowledge and experience. With time and opportunity, you will be promoted to the next level. Thus, you will grow professionally as well as financially.

But in the programming world, nothing is constant as everything there is something new. To experience perpetual growth, you have to keep updating yourself with the latest technologies and skills because the old tools are getting obscure day-by-day. Thus, one requires sharpening the skills and always need to remain updated. In general, a computer programmer’s journey is divided into three levels, which are as follows:

  1. Entry-Level Programmers: They join the workplace as a fresher who has recently moved into the field of computer programming as a beginner. These programmers pursue no experience, and most of them are the pass outs that either complete the diploma/ engineering/ BCA course or are in the final year. Some programmers have no college degree but have done some formal education. Initially, they work as a trainee and are under their seniors' supervision for direction, training, and task allocation.
  2. Junior-Level Programmers: This is the second level where the programmers pursue some experience (ranging in between 1-9 years) in the coding field. There are sharper in technical and coding skills and are aware of the programming industry's norms and regulations. Any programmer who completes one or more years in the programming domain can be entitled to a junior computer programmer. Their pay scale boosts up as well as the roles may also differ from the entry-level programmer.
  3. Senior-Level Programmers: As the name suggests, Senior-level programmers the highest level in the hierarchy where the seeker becomes an expert in the programming field. The programmers who seek an experience of 10+years are promoted with this post. All the innovative applications and evolving software are delivered to our society only by these expert programmers. They hold the utmost responsibility and face many challenges to deliver the right project in any organization. They are highly professional, dedicated and disciplined. Thus, the senior-level computer programmers uphold the highest pay scale among all the three levels.

Now as we are well acquainted with the Computer programmer’s levels and hierarchy, the last phase is to discuss about their salary package as per their levels. Salary package depends upon various things unlike country, location, workplace, etc,.

Following are the different salary packages for different level of programmers:

  • Entry-Level Computer Programmer

As the entry-level programmers are complete fresher so they expect the minimum salary among the other levels. The average salary package of an entry-level computer programmer a starts from a range of 3,00,000 INR to 4,00,000INR per annum  whereas  in US pay scale of the beginners is around $52,000 per annum. However, few brilliant students passing from top university and with high coding knowledge are offered the salary package in between 8 Lac per annum to 10 Lac per annum.

  • Junior computer programmer

The salary of the junior programmer group is diversified because of their skills and experience level. As per the survey, the average pay scale of junior programmers in India lies somewhere around 4,50,000 INR to 6,00,000 INR per annum. However, it may vary depending upon the opportunity, location, attitude, workplace and skillsets.

  • Senior-Level Computer Programmer

As per the name, the programmers residing in this position enjoys the highest perks and pay scale. They pursue an experience of 10 years and above. Though they upload challenging responsibilities, it’s worthed as they own the firm's most respectful position. According to the latest survey, a senior-level programmer's average pay scale ranges between 9,00,000 INR to 20,00,000 INR (or above) per annum.  

Most students may feel encouraged by this tutorial and may decide to pursue computer programming as their career only by looking at their scope and salary. But it advised going for programming if you have an interest and are good at logic building.