Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick

What is a Login Script?

Simply, a Login Script means a Script that has all the necessary set of instructions which is run line by line by the login interpreter whenever a user logs into the system. There are no limitations on the number of Login Scripts to be executed at a time interval. Several Login Scripts can run simultaneously, and Login Scripts can be modified based on the distinct users and which operating system is currently running on the computer.

Also, a Login Script is a form of script which consists of some guidelines or, say, instructions that are to be implemented whenever a user logs into the system and accesses the Novell eDirectory object properties such as the Novell Client for Windows and the Novell Client for Linux.

The Client for Open Enterprise Server software, formerly known as Novell Client, enhances the ability of the Windows Desktop by granting it the access to Open Enterprise Servers (OES) and to NetWare. These Clients allow the users to use various OES services according to industry standards, including network browsing, proper and secure access to the files, authentication through eDirectory and efficient network service resolution. As being a part of Micro Focus, these Clients efficiently support all the Micro Focus’s traditional Network Control Protocol (NCP).

Alike batch files, Login Scripts are implemented by the Novell LOGIN Utility.

How do Login Scripts work?

Login Scripts perform specific predefined actions whenever a user shows some response, like clicking on an object in the system. The work of Login Scripts is to respond to this response and act accordingly by connecting to the servers and fetching all the necessary data to run the application. The Login Scripts are responsible for the complete setup of the application environment and execute any supplementary programs like Windows Manager.

What does a Login Script do when a user clicks on an application?

Login Scripts handle many different tasks and perform in the following manner as soon as a user clicks on an application.

1) Login Scripts responds to the user-based actions and logs in to the application server to fetch the data. Any additional information required by the server to let the user log in, such as a password or OTP, is handled by the Login Script by asking the user to fill in the necessary details.

2) Environment variables are set by the Login Scripts as stated by the application object’s Environment Variables attribute.

3) Login Scripts are responsible for initiating any additional programs as stated by the application Object's Window Manager attribute.

4) Login Scripts handle the errors that might occur during the login stage, but if such an error arises and how to handle with it is not defined in the Login Scripts, then the user gets the overall control to deal with the scenario.

5) After performing all the tasks mentioned above and collecting the data from the application servers, Login Scripts runs the application.

What are the different uses of a Login Scripts?

As Login Scripts are the main functioning body during the login process of the user in the system, these Scripts are typically used for multiple purposes listed below.

1) Login Scripts are very useful for mapping network drives to directories. A network drive is basically used as a data storage device on a Local Access Network (LAN).

2) Like mapping network drives, Login Scripts also map search drives to directories.

3) Login Scripts play a vital role in altering the settings in the operating system.

4) Login Scripts also perform tasks such as showing any messages to the user during the login process. The messages in the Login Scripts can be modified and can be set to show up according to specific users.

5) Login Scripts are used to set Environment variables as stated by the application object’s Environment Variables attribute.

6) Login Scripts are used to display menus.

7) Login Scripts are used to run supplementary programs such as Windows Manager.

How many types of Login Scripts are there?

Login Scripts are generally of four types that are stated below.

1) Container

This is the first type of Login Scripts that is executed as soon as a user logs in. These Login Scripts are responsible for setting up the general environment in the container for all the users. Only one Container Login script can be used by the user. These Container Login Scripts are related to organizing the container environment.

2) Profile

This Profile Login Script is implemented after the execution of the Container Login Script. This Login Script basically deals with Profile objects, and each user is given a unique Profile Login Script. More than one Profile Login Script can be allocated to the user either by using the PROFILE command or from the Novell Login Window by choosing a different Profile Script.

3) User

This User Login Script is carried out after the successful execution of the Container and the Profile Login Script. This User Login Script deals with the User objects and performs the task such as prompting a user name or an email id from the user or showing up the printing options. Every user has a unique User Login Script, and this User Login Script can be altered by choosing some other User Login Script from the Novell Window.

4) Default

This Default Login Script is executed only if somehow a User Login Script goes missing. The Default Login Script holds vital commands and cannot be modified later.