Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? 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Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

What is a Joystick?

An input device known as a joystick is frequently used to control gaming programs and, sometimes, used in graphics applications.

Every game requires a controller to play. Suppose a game like pubg, which has simulation, shooting, and aiming, requires a joystick to play comfortably on a PC or Laptop. This Joystick gives full control over the game. For a computer, the Joystick always acts as an output device, which means it needs to be connected via connector or Bluetooth or any other way.

What is a Joystick

The Joystick, sometimes also known as a flight stick, consists of a stick that pivots on a base and communicates its angle or direction to the device it is controlling. In the cockpit of many commercial and military aircraft, a joystick—also referred to as the control column—serves as the primary center or side stick. It frequently features additional switches to regulate different parts of the flight of the aircraft. But the Joystick has become old technology nowadays. Most people are using controller gamepads on PS5 and Xbox. There are different types of joysticks like digital, analog, paddle controller, Bluetooth gaming controller, etc.

History of Joystick

A joystick consists of a stick that pivots on a base and communicates its angle or direction to the object it is controlling. Most frequently, they are employed to manage video games.

The Joystick was first created by C. Naval Research Laboratory and copyrighted in 1926 by B. Mirick. It was a two-axis electronic joystick that was initially created for remotely operating airplanes, just like the joysticks we use today.

Most of the joysticks can be connected to their PCs by a USB Type-A port where this port is available most of the time.

Several buttons read their states from the computer. A joystick is also frequently used for steering vehicles like wheelchairs, cranes, and lorries. The first one, known as Bleriot VIII, was constructed in 1908 and utilized for an aircraft's flight control in communication with the wings. Despite numerous rival claims, French pilot Robert Esnault-Pelterie is credited with coining the term "joystick" in the early 20th century.

Although some joysticks are constructed in three dimensions, most are typically two-dimensional and have two axes of movement. Typically, they are set up so that moving the stick up and down signals movement in the Y axis while moving it left or right signals movement in the X axis. The roll, pitch, and yaw of an airplane are determined by the x, y, and z axes. An analog stick created for numerous video gaming consoles is another significant concept. These joysticks are constructed with continuous states and often use potentiometers to return an angle measurement of movement in any direction of the specified plane. Hence this is the origin of the Joystick.

The Joystick also has triggers, which are buttons akin to mouse buttons. The primary distinction between a joystick and a mouse is that a mouse prohibits the cursor from moving until it is moved, but a joystick allows the cursor to travel in the direction of the Joystick even when it is not held upright.

Fast interactions are crucial in gaming applications, which the Joystick can deliver. The Joystick gives a better gaming experience than other input devices. It is simple to use and understand and frequently isn't more expensive. However, it is not a useful method when choosing alternatives from a screen, and it is not as simple to use in confined spaces.

It can provide more control than keyboard keys because of its fluid motions. For those with impairments who need an input device, a joystick may be more advantageous. Most joysticks include at least one button for the trigger at the front of the stick and another button on top of the stick. Several joysticks feature additional buttons on the base. A hand that is not controlling the stick can be utilized to operate these buttons.

The Joystick often includes software that enables users to assign the purpose of each button. Joysticks also link to your computer through a serial port or a rudimentary USB connection. Joysticks are better suitable for flight simulators and flying action games since they mimic the controls of airplanes and other types of aircraft. But other players also utilize joysticks for different genres of video games, such as first-person shooters and fighting games. Some people also utilize the keyboard and mouse that they are accustomed to using.

Structure of Joystick:

Although the parts listed are simply for a dual axis and return to the center joystick, there are many components that go into making a joystick. Each component of a joystick fits together like a jigsaw and needs to be used exactly in order to get the desired result. Building a joystick can be done in a variety of methods, each specializing in a certain area of need. Some pay attention to the rotational range, handle control, or resistive forces within a specific direction.

Below is a list of every component of the Joystick, along with a photo of the component. Each component's function and outward appearance are briefly detailed, as well.

Handle or top: Where the user holds the Joystick, the handle or top is typically shaped like a ball or a bat.

Stick/Shaft: forms a rod-like connection between the Joystick's handle and body.

Pivot: A mechanism's pivot is the center shaft, pin, or point around which it rotates or oscillates.

Spring: This device is used to return the Joystick to its center position, which is situated beneath the pivot.

Actuator: Provides additional space and accuracy for pressing the switches at the bottom of the shaft.

E-rings: These are a particular kind of fastener that attaches to the shaft's bottom and are used to align and secure items there.

Mounting Plate: a mounting plate that is firmly and immediately attached to the control panel.

Guide/Dust Washer/Disk/Cover: Form a flat disc around the shaft on top of the control panel.

Restrictor Gate: Limits the movement of the Joystick, the creation of a plate with drilled holes.

Other Components: This group includes the wire harness that manages the switches positioned all around the Joystick's base. Additional plates, other pivot options, or securers along the shaft are examples of other configurations.

A person can make his own Joystick with this all the components as a project, and it is fun. It is interesting and gives knowledge of consoles. Most of the institutes give this a project for their students.

The most famous companies that manufacture Joystick are Logitech, Play Station, Xbox, etc.

We also need to discuss of paddle controller before discussing the different types of Joysticks.

Usually used to control the movement of the player object along one axis of the video screen, a paddle is a gaming controller featuring a circular wheel and one or more fire buttons. A paddle controller stops at either end and revolves around a set arc (often around 330 degrees).

In order to provide an output voltage level that changes with the angle of the paddle wheel concerning a fixed reference point, the paddle wheel is often mechanically linked to a potentiometer. Consequently, a paddle is a controller for the absolute position. In other words, the sensor may be read without any prior information, and the outcome clearly shows where the paddle knob should be. In contrast, a "spinner" is a device that uses rotary encoders.

Different types of Joystick:

The joysticks are classified following types:

  • Simple Joystick
  • Paddle controller
  • Analogue Joystick

Simple Joystick:

Most people use this Joystick, and this Joystick is also known as an Atari-Style Joystick. This Joystick usually has commands like up, down, left, and right. In this Joystick, there is an option of firing bullets (According to the game that you were playing). It is very handy. This Joystick was first introduced by Atari video games. It is an arcade game company. The Joystick was introduced in Atari 2600. It is a game console having 524 games that are classified into 3 categories.

Paddle Controller:

Nowadays, most gaming companies focus on these paddle controllers. It has many numbers of options than a normal joystick. This paddle controller first appeared with the Atari games. Now, these paddle controllers come with Bluetooth options also.

What is a Joystick

Analogue Joystick:

Most of the techy companies used this type of Joystick Apple and IBM. This Joystick comes with a wire which is more responsive than the Bluetooth model joystick. An Analog joystick is a combination of both digital and paddle joystick.

What is a Joystick

Advantages of Joystick:

A joystick is meant for gaming which has lot more advantages while comparing it with a control pad. A joystick is for controlling an object or simulation of a game. The following are the advantages related to the Joystick while gaming.

  • It is very handy, while on a computer we have to use the keyboard for controlling it is very having to find the buttons so quickly, but in Joystick it is very easy to find the buttons. If you play a flight simulation game, it will give you the feeling of driving a flight.
  • I feel that a joystick can replace a mouse because of the function that it can offer. It is more intuitive while controlling your character in your game. The directions can be changed very easily using the Joystick of the character.
  • In the games like fighting and in games of flight simulation, a joystick is more compatible than any other device. In Joystick, we have suitable buttons, and we can sit on our consoles for a long amount of time than usual because of this Joystick.

Disadvantages of Joystick:

For a joystick, there are disadvantages also because, after all, it is a device:

  • Some of the companies offer cheaper buttons which is a built-quality issue. It is not compatible with all the devices that we use, and this is compatible with only gaming consoles and the latest systems. Sometimes a joystick may not have a port that is suitable for our laptops. All joysticks won’t have USB inputs.
  • If you put more pressure on a joystick in the direction you want, then it may break because it is made up of plastic, and plastic, after a long time, starts decomposing.
  • A long-time joystick user may have the syndrome of carpal tunnel. It is a kind of stress injury it is caused if you put more pressure on a particular part of your body. You need to consult a doctor. If you want, it may lead to operation.
  • A joystick is only suitable for games only. It is not suitable for all types of games. But nowadays, all people are using control pads. We cannot trust joysticks because most joysticks have cheap qualities you need to browse before buying a joystick.

Joystick ports:

Joysticks offer different kinds of ports that are suitable for some devices and not suitable for some devices.

Serial port:

It is also known as the asynchronous port; it is an older technology introduced by IBM. Usually, these ports are capable of transferring one bit of information at a particular time.


Many devices offer this USB port it is become more common to have a USB. USB, there are many types like Type-A, Type-C, etc. With this USB, we can transfer files very fast compared to that serial ports.


It is a wireless option we come to see in modern laptops and computers. For this connection, you will not need any type of wire. It reduces the plastic usage in a joystick.

Game Port:

It was introduced by IBM computers; it is a 15-pin connector port it has the capability of converting analog signals to digital signals. It is also known as a game control adapter. We can install this port on a motherboard.

Joysticks are a great option for people who only have one hand or who want to prevent conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome from using a mouse and keyboard setup because many of them also have a lot of customizable buttons. The extra buttons are also a practical, user-friendly substitute for controllers.


This is all about the Joystick has been around for a while and has completely changed how we precisely and steadily control objects. We can demonstrate how else to construct a dual axis and return to the center gamepad with all the elements necessary. Because there is no standard design for joysticks, they are extremely different from other devices.

People can alter their desires in specific ways. It has been demonstrated that modifying the outer housing and internal components, such as the spring/restrictor gates, is now an efficient option to create an item for any usage.