Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)?

What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet?

As the name suggests an intranet is a private network limited to a single organization. It has only been created for use by the company and its authorized partners such as employees, clients and other eligible persons. It offers a safe environment for authorized users to communicate, share information and access data. Like a private internet or an internal website, the Intranet frequently has sensitive data, databases, connections, forms, and apps available to the organization's workers.

The Intranet is protected from unauthorized access through firewalls and other security measures and runs on internet protocols like TCP/IP. The firewall closely examines all incoming and outgoing data packets to ensure no unapproved requests are present. As an outcome, people within the Intranet can use the Internet, but outside users cannot access it without permission.

What is an Intranet? Meaning and Differences with Internet

An authorized user must also be related to the organization's Local Area Network (LAN) to access the Intranet. Ensuring only authorized workers with LAN access may access the Intranet's resources even more increases security.

Organizations can use the Intranet as a powerful tool to improve collaboration among staff members simplify internal communication and make it easier to share information. It offers staff members a safe space to access essential tools, share information, and collaborate on projects. A wide range of applications including employee portals is websites. Systems for managing documents and knowledge bases can be provided on the Intranet, greatly improving productivity and operational efficiency.

The capacity of the Intranet to organize information and resources and make them easily available to authorized users is one of its main benefits. This facilitates the removal of information barriers and promotes collaboration and communication throughout the whole organization. Additionally, the Intranet may offer a platform for organizational updates, news, and announcements keeping staff members informed and interested.

The ability to modify an intranet is an additional interesting feature. The intranet site may be modified by organizations to represent their brand identity include their workflows and meet their unique needs for limitations on access. This enables a private personalized intranet experience supporting corporate culture and operational requirements.

Additionally essential to improving data security is the Intranet. Organizations may protect important information and guard against unauthorized access or data leaks by putting up firewalls, access restrictions and other security measures. Ensuring that only authorized individuals have access to the organization's data helps in protecting its privacy and safety.

Advantages of Intranet:

Organizations can benefit from the Intranet in several ways including:

  • Cost-effective and Simple Implementation: The Intranet is more secure than the Internet, maintaining corporate data privacy. It is also inexpensive and simple to set up and operate.
  • Streamlined Communication: The Intranet improves effective communication inside the business and makes it simple for staff members to share resources, data and information. All employees have access to company announcements, inquiries and internal information, promoting productive interaction.
  • Secure Platform for Application Development and Storage: The Intranet offers a secure environment for the development and storage of apps that support corporate processes, protecting the privacy and safety of data.
  • Increased corporate Efficiency: The Intranet speeds up workflow and cuts down on mistakes, leading to increased corporate effectiveness and on-time completion of tasks to meet goals.
  • Testing Site for New Ideas: on protect the company's integrity and reputation, new concepts are tested on the Intranet before being posted on the company's public website.
  • Real-time Information Sharing: Intranets provide real-time information sharing, ensuring that changes are quickly visible to all authorized users and support the spread of recent and relevant data.
  • Access to Mobile Applications: Today's intranets frequently provide mobile applications allowing staff members to keep in touch and access information while on the road using their cell phones or tablets.
  • Project Management and Workflow Monitoring: An intranet may help monitor project management workflow and team progress, promoting staff cooperation and coordination.
  • Mobile Device Compatibility: Employees may access the Intranet using mobile devices such as phones and tablets, downloading data and resources directly to their devices.
  • Employee Recognition and Motivation: An intranet may be used to understand outstanding performance, allow employee recognition and motivate staff to promote an enjoyable workplace.

How does the Intranet function?

The Intranet that consists of the web server, the intranet platform, and the applications can be described as the digital beating heart of your company.

The web server that holds the intranet software and data is similar to the company's brain. When you need files it manages requests and sends them to your computer.

The intranet platform is the software that keeps everything running properly, and it controls the smooth functioning of databases cooperatives and means of communication. Additionally, it is designed to fulfill your company's particular requirements, making it a good fit.

And the tools that make your task easier are the apps. They act as your go-to toolbox, helping you with information storage, communication, and teamwork. They enable you to complete the task and collaborate effectively with your coworkers.

It would help if you were connected to your workplace's LAN and had a unique network password to access the Intranet. Using a virtual private network (VPN), you may securely sign in and access any important data you require while working from home while still accessing the Intranet. It's like having a key that opens the door to all the materials and equipment you require to do your task wherever you are.

Disadvantages of Intranet:

Like every technology Intranets face numerous limitations despite the fact that they may be quite helpful in plenty of ways. Here are a few drawbacks to consider:

  • Technical difficulties: Intranets need specialized hardware, software and maintenance. For employees who need to be more knowledgeable about technology setting up and maintaining an intranet can be complicated and need technical skills.
  • Cost: Setting up and maintaining an intranet can be expensive. It may require investing in hardware software and continuous maintenance, which can be expensive for companies, especially smaller ones.
  • Content Management: To stay current and valuable, intranet material must be updated frequently. However, ensuring that the material is on the correct date and well-organized can be time-consuming and need committed workers to manage it which is only sometimes available.
  • User Adoption: It might be difficult to encourage workers to utilize the Intranet and make it a part of their daily routine. Some employees may hesitate to change or find it difficult to use the Intranet resulting in poor user adoption rates and decreased efficiency.
  • Security concerns: Intranets may include essential corporate information that must be kept secure from unauthorized access. Strong security measures such as firewalls, encryption and access restrictions are essential for protecting sensitive data and ensuring privacy.
  • Connectivity: Accessing the Intranet can require a reliable and consistent internet connection. Accessing the Intranet may be difficult or impossible for workers working remotely or in places with poor internet connectivity.

To ensure that your Intranet stays effective user-friendly and safe for your organization you must be aware of these possible drawbacks and deal with them constantly.

Difference between Intranet and Internet:

The comparison between Intranet and the Internet are written below:

AccessibilityLimited access within a specific organization or companyWorldwide access for anyone with an internet connection
PurposeDesigned for internal use within an organizationDesigned for global connectivity for public use
ContentIt contains information and resources relevant to the organizationIt contains vast and diverse information on a wide range of topics
SecurityIt can be more secure with restricted access and permissionsIt can have varying levels of security, with potential risks of data leakage and cyber threats
CustomizationIt can be customized to the organization's specific needs and brandingContent and design are determined by website owners
CollaborationEnables communication and collaboration among employees within the organizationFacilitates communication collaboration and sharing of information among users globally
OwnershipOwned and managed by the organizationThe Internet is a public network with no single ownership or management
CostCosts increases for setting up maintaining and securing the intranetAccess to the internet is generally free, but costs may be incurred for internet service providers (ISPs)
SpeedGenerally faster due to the limited number of usersSpeed can vary depending on various factors such as internet connection and network congestion
PrivacyCan provide a higher level of privacy for internal communicationsPrivacy may be compromised as Internet usage is publicly accessible
ScopeLimited to the organization and its employeesGlobal and accessible to users worldwide