Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)?

What is automation?

Automation means the use of machinery and technologies to make tasks operate automatically and without human involvement. It uses electrical and computer-controlled technologies to replace manual tasks.

What is automation

For example, robots have begun to replace human labour in manufacturing, and teachers are being replaced by online learning. It's a slow process but also a continuous process of computer-based systems, which are replacing occupations. Millions of careers are predicted to disappear worldwide at some point in time, for example, when self-driving cars will be popular for use in public transit.

Automation is a technology to create and provide products and services with little or no human involvement. It covers a large variety of technologies that minimize human involvement in the processes of giving products or services.

Programming and related actions into robots are reducing human interaction. Many jobs that were formerly carried out by people are now more profitable, reliable, and quick because of the application of automation technologies and methods.

Now, how is today's automation technology created? This automation technology is created by a combination of various sectors' technology like hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanical, computers, electrical and electronic devices. Big projects, like industrial factories, aircraft, and ship manufacturing, use all the above sector's technology.

Different companies, including manufacturing, defense, services, logistics, and most significantly, information technology, utilize automation.

Automation in various sectors

Let's start with the most well-known sector that quickly comes to our mind as we call the word automation:

Robot (automation in manufacturing/service sector)

A robot is a machine, particularly one that can be programmed by a computer and is ready to automatically perform complicated tasks. Robotics is the area of technology, just like electrical, mechanical etc., which includes the establishment, maintenance, and usage of robots as well as computer systems. Robotics technologies deal with autonomous robots that can replace people in risky situations or in production activities. Now, robots may be either personal or commercial in nature; because it depends on why we are developing a robot in the modern world.

Home automation 

Home automation means building a home with the latest technology, which is also known as a smart house/home. Definition of home automation includes Lights, temperature, entertainment systems, and a Fitness area with the latest equipment and electrical items, which are just a few examples of the house which convert a normal home into an automated home. It can also include elements of the home like security alarm systems and password protection.

Automation in bank

Some examples of bank automation are computer-controlled cash handling and the process of counting and tracking cash in a bank. Auto-generated account detail or other business environments using special developed hardware and software for quality assurance, theft, and to minimize management time for supervision of the cash drawer during transactions.

Some more examples in the bank automaton are:

  • ATD (automated teller device)
  • Cash machine
  • Cash verifier (acceptor)

Automation in operation/facility

A vending machine is an example of automation in a service device that sells goods to customers, such as snacks, drinks, and cigarettes, in exchange for cash or other modes of payment. In the early 1880s, England produced the first automated vending machines.

Automation in the IT sector 

The process of developing software and systems for repeatable procedures and the replacement of humans with modern hardware and software is known as IT automation. By automation, in the IT sector, manual steps which once required human contact speeds up the supply of IT services and applications.

Opposite to job loss, on the one hand, we can thank IT automation because using IT automation technology today, anyone can scale up their business. However, there are endless potential uses for automation. Some of the more popular examples are as follows:

  •  Network Administration
  •  Automation of security for data.

Advantages of Automation

  • Labour savings – Any industry can quickly lower labour costs with the help of using automation. Automation has the main advantage of reducing labour costs in company operations. Automation is the only element reducing labour costs, as it allows manufacturing workers to work fewer hours each week on average. According to the National Safety Council, occupational injuries cost was around $161.5 billion in 2017. This covers not just medical bills but also lost-time charges and office overhead.
  • Savings in electricity costs – Automation decreases the amount of time required to complete any task, so if a task is finished quickly, power will be automatically saved.
  • Improvements to quality - Now, this is very clear that any work done by a machine in place of a human will be a quality product because the machine makes less-mistake than humans.
  • Accuracy and precision It are observed that machines are more accurate than a human; while a person can easily make a mistake and push the wrong button, a machine that is installed and set up properly will always perform the task as programmed. So, whenever we compare the work done by machines to work done by a human, we find more accuracy and precision in the machine's work.
  • Reliability and consistency Machines do not get distracted by another task, and there's very little variation in a machine's performance because of the accuracy we have done before. This means the task will be performed the same way every time. From dispensing ingredients to assembling parts and everything in between, automation improves consistency across the process and in the final product, improving quality and reducing costs of product defects.
  • Increased productivity A person cannot be expected to work continuously without breaks. A person also has limits to the speed with which they can work safely. A machine also has limits, although machines' limits are much greater than a person. A robot has the ability to work at a constant speed without a break, 24/7. Automotive machines do not require breaks in between work and sick leave, and therefore it boosts a production increase of 140% +. Automated machinery can also run faster and produce more accurate products with fewer defects.
  • Increased safety - Automated machines help to keep employees away from dangerous tasks and make the environment safer.

Disadvantage of Automation

  • Heavy capital investment  When we compare it to a manually operated machine, then we find that automatic machinery takes a huge cost of maintenance. Which are millions of dollars to design, construct, and install. But again, in comparison to a manual method, you will find that machines (robots) are less flexible in terms of the variation in products.
  • Worker displacement  It doesn't matter whether the problem is in manufacturing, teaching, banking, medications, food, or beverages. Automation and other technologies like robots are replacing employees everywhere. Employees in the logistics, security, and IT sectors. Those who have had there at jobs once and lost their job due to automation go through a time of mental hardship. Because of the automation, the workers can be relocated in order to find new employment, which can put everyone under stress.
  • Loss of jobs – The main effect of automation on the workforce is joblessness. Examples include the introduction of Delhi's driverless metro system and reductions in staff at major IT firms like Cognizant, Infosys, and Tech Mahindra. These clearly demonstrate how automation has affected the nation. And when more such automation activities grow over time, employment will be lost directly.

For example, in the trucking industry, 27% of professional drivers think their jobs may be at risk within the next five years due to the possible risk of autonomous cars. According to estimates, the introduction of driverless cars might lead to the eventual loss of 1.7 million drivers' employment. This is only one example of a job loss which will occur by automation.