Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick

What is boot menu?

When we turn on our computer, the machine goes through a process known as booting that is carried out automatically. This could be accomplished by the CPU's circuitry, software, or processes that contribute to the computer system. Rebooting a computer is another term for restarting a computer when the electricity is not cut.

A smooth boot may clear RAM to zero on certain computers. Hardware, such as a push-button, or software commands, could start hard and soft booting. When the real-time operating system, which typically includes the operating system and several programs, is reached, booting is complete. The term "boot" refers to a type of footwear.

When you switch on your desktop, a log of your computer/manufacturer laptop appears. That's the end of it. More significantly, before windows loads into RAM, when you switch on the desktop. This period is known as the booting system.

When a computer starts up for the first time, an accessible menu called the Boot Menu. It can boot to various devices, including CDs, DVDs, storage devices, and hard disk drives, as well as a LAN (network). Even if the machine already has an operating system installed, the Boot Menu enables users to load other operating systems or apps. Because the user can select which hardware to use while installing a new OS on a desktop, a Boot Menu is also important.

The moment your desktop or laptop is, the logo is displayed on the screen, and "Press F12" or "Press F2" for the boot menu is presented in the corner. When the key is pressed, a menu will be displayed. This is referred to as the boot menu. The boot menu is where you may change your bios settings.

Boot your computer from a drive or disc

Normally, you start your laptop from the primary hard drive, which is where your OS is stored (like Windows). However, there are times when you will need to boot from a CD, DVD, or USB device, such as when you are performing a recovery application or trying out a new OS like Linux.

You must tell your computer's BIOS to download the operating system from a separate location than normal in order to accomplish this. This can be accomplished in two ways:

  • In the BIOS, you may change the boot order.
  • By reaching a boot menu at opening (It will only boot from either a CD or USB once).

How to access the boot menu in Windows 7

1. Press the Power switch, click the "Shut Down" icon, followed by "Restart."

2. While the system is rebooting, before the Windows logo shows, continually click "F8." You misplayed the hotkey and should try once more if you see the Windows logo. Select the right boot zone before clicking "F8" if you're running a dual-boot computer; most users won't have to worry about it.

3. Mark a selection in the Advanced Boot Options window using the up or down arrow buttons, then hit "Enter" to choose it.

How to access the boot menu in Windows 8

To access the BIOS, go to Settings, then General. Select Restart Now from the Advanced Startup menu. This will bring up the boot menu on your machine.

Holding Shift while clicking Restart is another simple way to get to the boot menu.

What is the boot menu

How to access the boot menu in Windows 10

What is the boot menu

If your computer can resume Windows properly, you can rapidly access the "Advanced Options" menu with the help of pressing and holding the Shift key while selecting "Restart." This can be done on the sign-in screen (see above) or the Start menu (shown below).

Boot sequence vs Boot Menu

While the machine is booting, a Boot Menu permits the user to select, which boot drive to use. The boot sequence is a BIOS parameter that directs the desktop on how to look at possible boot devices on a desktop or laptop in what order. In other words, the boot schedule is continuously performed every time the desktop boots up without the need for user interaction. To use a Boot Menu option, the user must first enter the Boot Menu by pressing the key and then pick the boot choice.