Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

What is Cat 5?

In our daily life, every person is opted to use different technologies and is successful in implementing the new opted technologies. Every day people are interested in making new inventions that will reduce human work. Category 5 cable is one of the inventions that come in new opted technologies by humans. Technology in use now continues to encourage convergence.

Today, cable TV networks in India frequently provide broadband internet connectivity via an expanded LAN network, or more precisely, a Metropolitan Area Network. These networks must use CAT 5 cables as drop cables to connect the subscriber's PC to the distribution outlet. As a result, CAT 5 cables are now widely available from hardware merchants, and Indian cable TV networks also buy and use them.

What is Cat 5

The explanation for CAT 5

These cat 5 cables are twisted pair cables used for computer networks and cable TV networks. There are stranded and solid conductor variants of the cable which are available. The stranded form can sustain greater bending without breaking and is more flexible. They are stranded patch cables. The solid-core permanent wire is utilized in structured cabling. The printing on the jacket can be used to identify the category and kind of cable. Conductors must conform to the category 5 criterion and be made of pure copper. Non-compliant and counterfeit cables, particularly those made of Copper Clad Aluminium (CCA), have become more prevalent in the market. This has put the producers or installers of such bogus cable in danger of legal repercussions.

Another definition is also given as a twisted pair multipair 4-pair high-performance patch cable that is mostly used for data transmission. The patch cable is somewhat resistant to the intrusion of unwanted interference due to the twisting of the pairs. Compared to SCTP, cat5 UTP cabling systems are by far more prevalent in the US. The standard cat 5 cables were made to have characteristics up to 100 MHz. Ethernet networks that operate at speeds of 10 or 100 Mbps commonly use cat5 cable.

What is Cat 5

Application for CAT 5:

In structured cabling for computer networks like Ethernet over twisted pair, category 5 cable is employed. The cable standard is appropriate for Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet and specifies performance specifications for frequencies up to 100 MHz. Two wire pairs are needed for 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX Ethernet connections. Four wire pairs are needed for 1000BASE-T and faster Ethernet connections. Electricity over Ethernet allows for the transmission of both power and Ethernet data over the same wire.

Other signals like telephony and video are also transmitted over Cat 5 cables. In some circumstances, several signals can be carried on the same cable. For example, Cat 5 can transport 100BASE-TX and two regular telephone lines on a single cable. Telephone connections with several lines can use the USOC/RJ-61 wiring standard. There are numerous methods for sending analog and digital video across the wire. This kind of system is HDBaseT.

CAT 5e:

Category 5 Enhanced (CAT-5e), also known as appendix 5, was created for simultaneous bi-directional transmission over four pairs. Unshielded twisted pairs with a 100-ohm impedance make up Category 5 & Category 5e. The 100 MHz bandwidths for CAT 5 and CAT 5e are the same. The 5e design was developed by continuous adjustments to Category 5 and adding new electrical criteria such as power sum NEXT, equal level far-end crosstalk, power sum equal level far-end cross-talk, and return loss. Applications for Category 5 and full duplex encoding technologies like gigabit Ethernet are typical examples. 

Difference between CAT 5 and CAT 5e:

The transmission capabilities of Category 5 and Category 5e are different. The best parts of a fast Gigabit Ethernet are those in category 5e. While Category 5 components may work in a Gigabit Ethernet to some extent, their performance is subpar when large data transfer rates are involved. The improved CAT-5 or CAT-5e version of CAT 5 has been introduced to the specifications in order to accommodate Gigabit Ethernet. New performance criteria are added by CAT 5e to enable faster network operation.

Advantages of CAT 5:

GOLD-PLATED CONTACTS - Connectors with gold-plated contacts, strain-relief boots that are molded, and snag-free molds prevent corrosion and guarantee a solid connection; The performance of cables is improved by using bare copper conductors, which also meet UL 444 requirements for communications cables.

Its 4-pair of unshielded twisted CCA strands and robust yet flexible PVC jacket results in MINIMAL NOISE AND INTERFERENCE. Installation and cable handling are made simple by robust, snag-free molding.

QUALITY CONTROL - Each Cat 6 internet cable is put through a battery of tests to guarantee a reliable, secure, and fast-wired internet connection.

HIGH-PERFORMANCE INTERNET CABLE IS CAT5 RATED - The Ethernet cable with 24 AWG CCA wire enables universal connectivity for LAN network elements like PCs, computer servers, printers, routers, switch boxes, network media players, NAS, VoIP phones, PoE devices, and more.

QUICK ACCESS TO THE INTERNET - Supports up to 250 MHz of bandwidth and transmits data at speeds of up to 1,000 Mbps (or 1 Gigabit per second). For APPs, Cloud storage, online gaming, video chatting, and online video shows can offer faster, more stable data transport. Universal connectivity is ensured using RJ45 connectors.

COMPATIBILITY - Printers, servers, network media players, network-attached storage devices, VoIP phones, routers, switches, Xbox 360, computers, network printers, network-attached storage devices, and more.


CAT 5 cable operates at a "mere" 100 MHz in comparison to coaxial cable, which must operate up to 1000 MHz. However, CAT 5 cable construction is crucial due to the cable's basic structure and lack of insulation. It is nearly hard for the buyer to confirm the technical performance of the CAT 5 cable. Therefore, a quick approach to ensure dependable and constant functioning is to choose cable made by a reputable business (ideally one that has ISO 9000 approval). Thankfully, the CAT 5 cable also has straightforward crimp connectors that don't require soldering or sophisticated pre-connector "dressing." The cable TV technician should, therefore, be able to quickly get used to using CAT 5 cables and connectors.