Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)?

How to hack a computer?

How to hack a computer?

The human species are very inquisitive, and with the popularity of the Internet and modern technologies, they are becoming highly tech-savvy. The digital world is evolving every minute. With advancement, there are challenges for securing all our digital data such as cloud data, net banking, google drives, etc. and protecting them from cyber hacking. To prevent such attacks, cybersecurity is achieved. We can describe cybersecurity as a system of shielding networks, software, data and computer systems, illegitimate malware and digital attacks. These unauthorized attacks are known as “hacking.” 

How to hack a computer?

The social understanding of hacking is someone that exploits computers and steals people’s information. Of course, this definition is correct, and too many people think this is precisely what it is. But this is just one side of the mirror and is an incomplete definition. 

Hacking refers to method of exploiting weaknesses in a computer network to attain unauthorized entree to data and information, whereas a hacker is a person who attempts to hack into computer systems.

Hacker's actual definition is someone who used technology for purposes over what is meant for now. That doesn't sound too bad. It wouldn't have a lot of successful technology today it's such as the complete Apple if it wasn't for Steve wasn’t hadn’t being a hacker. So it wasn't the hackers like Steve. There wasn't yet we had a revolutionary company like Apple. Maybe some people see that it is a good thing and open; we help by saying Apple is a revolutionary company. 

Types of hackers

This is a misconception that hacking he's always unethical. But it depends on the motives with which the hackers are performing their jobs.  So from hacking, we get inventions and can make a difference to humanity if we use it in the right way. It means that we can move forward in a technological world and why things like secure online banking exist, also we get open source software programming languages and much more. Guess what else is made of hacking- the Internet.

  1. White Hat Hacker: In reality, these people are all good guy hackers, but how to label them. The hackers with a purpose and who work in an environment and enjoy the problem solving an intellectual challenge are known as white hat hackers. White hat hackers expose the loopholes in the structure by hacking into the PC legally to protect it from authorized access or fetch information used in legal works. They perform all the activities legally under the supervision and acknowledgment of government. Hence they are also known as ethical hackers.
  • Black Hat Hacker:  The people who do hacking for their gain, such as people who were exploited, make money illegally by exploiting rules, and thus, they are known as a black hat hacker
  • Gray Hat Hacker: Finally, we also have a third category known as a gray hat hacker. Gray Hat Hackers are a blend of both white and black hackers. The ethical standards false, and they are purely altruistic and filled with malicious tasks. They do not get a company’s permission to start breaking into their data and information. They may not try to them about the security holes. Discovered sniper abilities in the system and reported to the system, which is a good actor, but they do this without seeking the others' approval.

Hacking Computer:  Using Bypassing Login Method

Bypassing a login method refers to hoping the computer’s login screen and directly entering the PC's home screen. This method was initially discovered to login to your computer in case you have forgotten your password. But later, hackers used the Bypass login method to fulfill their malicious intent to crack into someone else’s computer without their authority. Before we start, we need to get acquainted with three types of Microsoft logging accounts, which are as follows:

  • Local User Account: They are authenticated with a local computer and we can reset or bypass their settings.
  • Microsoft online account: This user account is authenticated from another server.
  • Domain user account: Both Microsoft online account and domain user account are somehow identical as both accounts are authenticated from another server and cannot be bypassed easily. 

The second thing we need to understand is the type of user that we can have in a computer system i.e., whether it an administrator or is any standard user. Window 10 doesn’t permit to tamper the Administrator account or bypass its password as the administrator have the rights to access all folders or files within a computer system. Standard user accounts have limitations and they can only access the files stored within their account. Thus, bypass login methods are useful to hack standards user accounts.

Below down we will be discussing the step-by-step procedures to skip or bypass Windows 10 password login:

Step 1: Understand what this will accomplish.

Although Windows 10 doesn't permit to misuse or tamper the current Administrator account settings you can create a loophole by adding a new administrator user account using the installation drive and Command Prompt. Thus, you can access the key account's files and folders.

Step 2: Windows 10 installation tool. 

We need to have a working computer and a blank flash drive with a size capacity of 4 or 8 gigabytes in size.  To create a Windows 10 installation tool, follow the below steps:

  1. Plug in the flash drive to your working PC.
  2. Open your web browser; go to Microsoft website and type in ‘Windows 10 download’. The window will appear. In the Create Windows 10 installation media click on Download tool now.
How to hack a computer?
  1. Once the downloading is accomplished, open the file by double-clicking on the file.
How to hack a computer?
  1. We will make Windows 10 bootable media by following the alerts when prompted.  Select the USP drive option.
How to hack a computer?
  • Do not remove the USB drive even if the download is finished. 

Step 3: Modify the boot order of your computer. 

This step is essential to necessary in order to shift your PC to start from the USP drive rather than the hard drive. We will make the Windows 10 bootable media a tool for us to reset or bypass a forgotten password.

Open your start menu bar. Choose Settings -> Update and Security -> Recovery.

How to hack a computer?

In the recovery dialog box, click on Restart now option.

How to hack a computer?

It will open your PC’s BIOS setup. Select the Advanced or Boot tab situated under the “Boot Order” section.

Select the name of your respective flash drive, click on the up arrow key on your keyboard and hold until the flash drive is listed at the top of the list.

Save and exit from the screen.

Step 4: Open the Command Prompt window. 

The setup screen will be prompted. Press the Shift and F10 keys simultaneously to open the Command Prompt window.

How to hack a computer?

Step 5: Swap the Utility Manager with Command Prompt. 

Utility Manager is a service which allows the user to execute the administrator account functions without even login into the admin user account. Follow the below steps to do so:

  1. Type the command into the Command Prompt

 “movec:\windows\system32\utilman.exec:\windows\system'''32\utilman.exe.bak “

  • Press the enter button on your keyboard. In the next line of the prompt , again type in

 “copyc:\windows\system32\cmd.exec:\windows\system32\utilman.exe .”

  • One done press the enter button.
How to hack a computer?

Step 6: Restart your computer. 

To restart your computer, type the‘ wpeutil reboot’ command in your Command Prompt window and hit the Enter button. Make sure to delete the installation media files from the PC. It is useful to reboot the Windows to the login screen instead of backing into the installation setup. 

NOTE: Sometimes, you didn’t get a chance to remove the flash drive as the Windows boots instantly into the installation setup. In this type of situation, quickly remove the USB stick and press your computer's power button.

How to hack a computer?

 Step 7: Open Command Prompt. Once the lock screen appears, locate for the "Utility Manager" icon and click on it. It will immediately open a Command Prompt window.

How to hack a computer?

Step 8: Create your user account. 

Once the Command Prompt is prompted, follow the below steps:

  1. Type in ‘net user name /add’ command in the prompt window.
  • Press the Enter button. The cursor will be pointed to the next line of the window.
  • Type in ‘net localgroup administrators name /add’ command, and it will replace the existing "name" with the user name you just made.
  • Press the Enter button.
How to hack a computer?

Step 9: Restart your computer again.

Once you have created the account, the next step is to press the Power icon on your keyboard. Select the Restart option from the windows prompt box. You will notice your computer will again start restarting.

How to hack a computer?

Step 10: Log in using your new account and password. 

Once the restarting is finished, you would be able to login using your new admin account. Select your created user's name located in the lower-left corner of the desktop.

How to hack a computer?

Step 11: Sign In as a Hacker

Windows will take some time to set up your new admin account. Once it’s finished, you can entitle yourself as a HACKER

Tip: It’s is one of the standard methods to hack into anyone’s computer by bypassing the password. Though it’s easy still, it’s an illegal method to enter forcefully into someone’s system. It is always advisable to perform this method legally for any official purpose.