Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

How to fix a general protection fault?

The suggestions below may help you resolve the issue if you frequently see GPF (general protection fault) issues when utilizing an application on your computer. Errors involving the General Protection Fault may also indicate that the program attempting to access the memory does not have the proper authorization. Simply told, what you are dealing with is a memory violation issue.

Users often receive a warning to let them know this is happening, but it isn't much you can do about it other than restart the software and hope it will work correctly the next time. Unfortunately, the system freezes regularly as a result of these issues. As a result, users have little choice except to restart their machines. It appears that General Protection Fault problems usually occur while you are playing a game. It seems that some games, such as the Harry Potter game series, are more likely to result in General Protection Fault problems than others.

How to fix a general protection fault

There is a substantial likelihood that a general protection problem will occur when utilizing beta test versions of software. Even well-established systems, nevertheless, can experience a general protection error if a user suddenly hits a lot of keys that the programmer is unable to predict. Additionally, a bad system configuration can lead to this issue. If you keep getting the general protection fault message, you can take note of the information (you are usually given a string of digits that indicates precisely where in storage the error is occurring) and get in touch with the company that makes the software that appears to be the cause of showing this message.

How to fix a general protection fault

Take away all TSRs

Disable or unload any running TSRs or programmes before starting the application that creates the GPF. The steps to temporarily remove running programs and TSRs from memory are provided in the information below. Remember that many of these will reload if the machine is restarted. Hold down Ctrl, Alt, and Delete while selecting the Task Manager option. Or you can simply access the Task Manager by pressing and holding Ctrl+Shift+Esc. Select the program you want to end by clicking the Processes tab, then click the End Task button.

Delete all temporary program files.

Eliminate any temporary files that programmes that have recently been used or that are still on the hard drive have left behind. Open the Start menu and type %tmp% in the Search area to view and delete temp files. From the Start menu, select the Run option in Windows XP and earlier, then type %tmp% in the Run field. Once you hit Enter, the Temp folder should appear. All of the files found in this folder can be deleted, and any files that are currently in use can be skipped. A slight improvement in the computer's performance should be seen after restarting it.

Scan the disc and defrag it.

Run ScanDisk and Defrag on the hard disc to make sure it doesn't have a problem that could make the swap file or data files invalid or corrupt.

Ensure there are more than 200 MB accessible on your machine.

Your computer's Windows swap file cannot grow in size if there is not enough hard disc space available. As a result of this circumstance, programmes may move between memory and the hard disc more frequently, increasing the number of GPFs.

Recently put in hardware or software

Uninstall or reinstall any new software or hardware you have just installed to be sure it isn't the root of your problem. You might need to remove one or more apps from your computer if they are no longer needed or if you need extra space. The benefits and cons of each technique are listed in the sections that follow, along with many methods for removing apps from a computer running Microsoft Windows.

Turn off the external cache.

If your CPU uses an external cache, you should temporarily turn it off to see if that is the source of your GPF problem messages. If this choice is made, it can be turned off using the CMOS configuration process. If this resolves the issue, we urge you to contact the motherboard, CPU, or CPU manufacturer for additional guidance.

Disable screen savers and power management

Disable Power Management and screen savers to make sure they aren't the source of your problem if you frequently get GPFs when the computer is idle.

running-system problem

A generic protection issue may be caused by files connected to Windows. A general protection fault, for instance, with Explorer and KRNL386.EXE. To solve the problem with Windows-related files, reinstall Windows. To restore the computer to its original or default settings, most computers feature a system restore disc or an integrated restoration procedure on the hard drive (factory reset). A computer can be restored, formatted, or reset to help resolve software problems such as virus infections and corrupt program files.

faulty memory or other hardware issues

If you have complied with all of the aforementioned advice but are still experiencing GPFs, your computer may have faulty or malfunctioning hardware. Poor memory is typically the main source of random GPFs. Your computer may experience a number of various problems as a result of a bad memory. Here are a few potential problems that you might run into. It is essential to remember that memory problems are not the only potential causes of the following problems.

  1. You hear a beep code, and the computer won't boot up.
  2. Random computer crashes can result in a blue screen of death (BSoD), general protection fault error messages, illegal actions, fatal exceptions, etc.
  3. Computer restarts at random.
  4. Failure during software installation.

Clearing the registry

Now that the foundational aspects of the system configuration have been taken care of, it is time to review the registry. Please proceed with the register very carefully at all times. One mistake could disable both Windows 98 and your application programs. To check the registry on your PC, select Run from the Start menu and enter REGEDIT into the Run box. Windows will begin by launching the Registry Editor. The Registry Editor acts in a manner similar to Windows Explorer. You can navigate by using the navigation tree in the left-hand column. The right-hand column will show the registry keys that are actually present under any given place in the register. Navigate to HKEY LOCAL MACHINE | Software | Microsoft | Windows | CurrentVersion |. Activate in the register. When you select this registry site, you will likely see several keys in the right-hand column. These keys correspond to programs that start up automatically as soon as Windows has finished loading. As opposed to the Startup section of the Start menu, these programs are often more basic and related to specific system activities.

The Task Manager shows the name of the program next to it. You can also see the actual command that was used to start the program. Utilize these two bits of information to make an understanding of how each application works. Now, selecting the unwanted programmes and pressing the delete key will get rid of them. Just remember that removing a registry key makes it permanently disappear. The registry does not have a save feature, and therefore when you press [Delete], the deletion occurs immediately. Close the Registry Editor after making all of these adjustments, then restart your computer. Next, check to see whether any system flaws are still present.

Hardware failures such as bad memory or others

If you have successfully complied with all of the recommendations and methods are given above but are still experiencing General Protection Faults, your computer may be suffering from faulty or broken hardware. Poor memory is a common primary cause of random General Protection Faults.

Program should be run in compatibility mode

Run the offending application in compatibility mode. Many customers were able to solve the issue by running the problematic game in compatibility mode after experiencing General Protection Faults issues while playing video games. To accomplish this, select Properties from the context menu when you right-click on the offending program. After that, select the Run this software in compatibility mode option by clicking the Compatibility tab. From the drop-down menu, choose Windows 7.

Remember to update your drivers as well. Visit the website of the company that makes your device to download the newest driver versions.