Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc?

In this article, we will discuss some of the data-storing units, which are helping to store data in the memory of the device. They are all types of memory units that we are listing below, except (Nibble and Bit): -

  1. Byte (B)
  2. Kilobyte (KB)
  3. Megabyte (MB)
  4. Gigabyte (GB)
  5. Terabyte (TB)
  6. Petabyte (PB)
  7. Exabyte (EB)
  8. Zettabyte (ZB)
  9. Yottabyte (YB)

1) Byte: Byte is a memory unit containing 8 bits of memory. It is used to hold a character, numeric value, or a special type of character. Its maximum limit to store memory is a single character or number. In many, the architectures byte is the smallest memory, which is considered the smallest memory unit. The byte unit is derived from bit. It is a unit of digital information and data size. A byte is denoted by the symbol of (B).

How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etct

2) Kilobyte: Kilobyte is a memory unit that contains 1024 bytes of memory. It is the bigger memory unit of a byte. It's limited to contain 1024 characters, or we can say that 2 to 3 paragraphs have been stored in the 1 kilobyte. In the decimal form, it can store 2 to the power 10th. In technical terms or in architecture languages, it is the second smallest memory unit in the memory unit organization. It is denoted by (KB)

Some examples of kilobytes are:

  • Jpeg is around 100 KB
  • PNG is around 4.4 KB

3) Megabyte: Megabyte is a memory unit that stores approximately 870 pages. In one megabyte, we can store one million bytes of information, and a megabyte is denoted by the term (MB). In MB, we can store many things like videos, books, and documents. Any of the standard bodies depreciated the use of MBs in favor of a new set. It is the multiple of the unit byte used for digital information. Hence, one-megabyte stores one million bytes of information in it.

An example of MBs storage device is a 1.44 MB Floppy disk which can store 1,474,560 bytes of data.

How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etct

4) Gigabyte: Gigabyte is a memory unit that contains multiples of the unit byte for the digital information. Put it in other words, 1 gigabyte is a collection of one million bytes. We can also say that the gigabytes have a standard of 1000th the power 3. Gigabyte is denoted by the term (GB).

There are some examples of using gigabytes of memory in some instruments are:

  • A single-layer DVD+R disk has the capacity to store 4.7 GBs of data approximately.
  • A triple-layer Ultra HD blue ray disk may store up to 100 GBs of data in it.
  • Eight minutes of HD video can consume up to 1.2 GB of data.
  • A single-layered Blu-ray disk may store 25 GBs of data in it.
How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etct

5) Terabyte: A terabyte is a memory unit, which stores data in large quantities. On the other words, one terabyte is a memory which is equal to 1 trillion bytes of data, or one terabyte is equal to the 2 to the power 40 or 1,099,511,627,776 bytes. A terabyte is denoted by (TB). As an example, we can say that Approximately 10 Terabytes can store the entire collection of the U.S. Library of Congress; as we know that 1 TB stores data similar to 1024 GB so Terabyte is the storage device which is used for storing large storage of files and large no of files or videos.

How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etct

Uses of Terabytes:

  • It is used to store large no of videos.
  • It is used to store millions of files in one place.
  • It is used by photographers to record video films of an event.
  • It is used by professionals to record information about the organization.
  • Furthermore, it can be used by the accountant to maintain the records and accounts of each and every employee of the whole organization for many years.

6) Petabyte: Petabyte is a memory unit of a device in which we can store data Equal to 1024 (TB). One petabyte may store the data in 2 to the 50th power of bytes. A petabyte is denoted by (PB). Some large organizations use petabytes to store large no of data in one place. People who use memory units for personal use do not use petabytes at any time at any cost because they do not want such a large amount of memory for personal use.

Some of the examples of a petabyte:

  • Facebook uses a petabyte to store its data.
  • WhatsApp uses a petabyte to store its data which is present in a company as well as on servers also.
  • In Hospitals, a petabyte is used to store information about the patients.

7) Exabyte: Exabyte is a memory storage unit, which is an extraordinarily large unit to store the data of the digital world. It is a very extremely large unit storing the data; normally, companies like Google and Tesla use Exabytes to store the data of the company and the data that is present on servers. Exabyte is denoted by (EB). In 1 Exabyte, we can store data equal to the data stored in 1024 Petabytes. With the help of some technologies, we find that words ever spoken by mankind are recorded in five Exabytes.

Some uses of Exabyte:

  • It is used to store big data in a digital world.
  • It is used to store data on the servers of big websites like google.

8) Zettabyte: It is the memory unit that is used to store a very vast amount of data in it. It is not usually used by any user or single person to use to store data maximum. It is used by any organization to hold its information onto the servers of the website. 1024 Exabytes merge together to make 1 Zettabyte, or in other words, can say that 1 Zettabyte stores data equal to the data stored by approximately 1000 Exabytes. One zettabyte is equal to the 2 to the power 70th bytes. It is denoted by (ZB).

Uses of Zettabyte:

  • It is used to store information of millions of persons.
  • It is used to store information on big servers of the website of an organization.

9) Yottabyte: It is the largest memory unit in the gallery of memory units. Yottabyte is the largest memory unit and is also approved by the international system of units (SI). All the memory units have been covered. Not a single unit in the memory gallery is bigger than this, but yottabyte is not used in the environment in the website and servers or storing data because it is a very vast memory unit which is not required to use in the present time it is the memory unit which is developed to use in the future point of view when the population of world increases than this is helpful to store data on to the web as well as servers. In 1 yottabyte, approximately 1000 Zettabytes of data has been stored, or in other words, we can say that 2 to the power 80th bytes. It is denoted by (YB).

Above all the memory units, we observe one thing all the memory units are derived from the single unit bit, but a bit is a very, very small unit in the gallery of memory units; because of this, we considered all the memory units by the representation of the smallest unit considered by the architecture is (Byte). So we can say that byte is the memory unit which is engaged to develop all the memory units from the smallest to the largest memory unit in the gallery of the memory units.

Now below, we can describe how all the memory unit is interrelated to each other and how, from the smallest memory to the largest memory, they run on the same architecture: -

8Bits = 1 Byte
1024 Bytes = 1 Kilo Byte (KB)
1024 KB = 1 Mega Byte (MB)
1024 MB = 1 Giga Byte (GB)
1024 GB = 1 Terra Byte (TB)
1024 TB = 1 Peta Byte (PB)
1024 PB = 1 Exabyte (MB)
1024 EB = 1 Zettabyte (ZB)
1024 ZB = 1 Yottabyte (YB)

All these lines showed that the whole memory is running on a single unit Bit. It means the bit is the smallest and the main unit of the memory gallery.

How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etct

Summary: In this Article, we studied all the memory units, which are used to store valuable data and information. In daily life, we are using these memory units according to the needs of the organization or for the personal to store data.