Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit?What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that Ive got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DATWhat is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab wont stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Compilers Vs Translators Implicit Type Conversion Example What is ENIAC MCQs on MS Word Characteristics of System in MIS Knapsack with Duplicate Items Napier Bones Computer Optical Input Devices Scanner Input Device Software Products Specific Purpose Computers Two Types of Monitors Types of Number System in Computer Types of Video Formats Video Input Devices Advantages and Disadvantages of Mainframe Computers Advantages and Disadvantages of Minicomputers Application of Computer in Commerce Barcode Reader in Computer Binary to Decimal Fractions Character Printers Computer Applications Difference between Static Data Member and Static Member Function FYA in email Communication Language Translators in Computers Line Printers and their Applications MS Dos External Commands Transistors In Second Generation Of Computers What Is Technology? First Generation of Computers Vaccum Tubes Two Categories Of Software Types of Twisted Pair Cable Special Purpose Computers What is EBCDIC Code What is Dot Matrix Printer? What is Cathode Ray Tube Computer? Computer History-2024 Features of Windows Operating System What is Mullvad Browser? What is Streaming Content? Why Do People Create Viruses and Malware? How to install and use a webcam? BASIC UNIT OF MEMORY 3 Types of CPU What is Minicomputer? What is White Space? ROM Primary Memory Special Purpose Keys in Keyboard

What is accessibility

Accessibility means that website, tools and Technologies are designed and developed so that people with disabilities can use them. We usually relate accessibility with persons with disabilities, but keeping websites open and accessible to all also helps other populations, such as those who use mobile devices or have slow response Internet connections.

What is accessibility

Accessibility may also be defined as considering everyone the same and providing equal chances regardless of background or situation. Removing anyone from a website or from any platform because he/she belong to disable category is wrong, just as it is wrong to exclude someone from a physical building because they are of a disability. We're all different, but we're all the same.

Making content, activities, and surroundings as understandable, useful, and usable as feasible so that as many people as possible is known as accessibility. Accessibility should be in every sector, such as education, medical, agriculture, IT sector etc.

It is the right thing to do to be accessible. For example, in some nations, offering accessible websites is required by law, which might open up new markets for businesses that would otherwise be unable to utilize your services or purchase your products.

Over the last two decades, the accessibility of software applications has improved. This article examines the platforms that have been developed and provides advice for developers to design accessible programs.

Accessibility of software tools

The program Access Convenience for Windows 2.0 improved the accessibility of Windows for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have limited dexterity by allowing changes in the use of the keyboard and mouse, providing visual alerts for the computer's sounds, and enabling the computer to be operated via serial port devices.

The needs of the people with impairments were not considered when designing these operating systems. Many people, especially those who are visually or partially challenged, were unable to use Microsoft Windows operating system programs. These programs expected that computer users would be able to:

  • Read and respond to text and images on the screen.
  • Type on a conventional keyboard.
  • Use a mouse to pick text, photos, and other material.
  • Reacted to the sounds that were played.

If a person has been unable to perform one of the activities described above, they will be unable to use several popular computer programs.

Alternative ways to make accessible screen contents

For visually impaired people, most computer applications are difficult or even impossible to operate because they are so visible. This does not have to be the situation.

1. Text-to-speech (TTS): Text-to-speech (TTS) is a type of talking program used by people who cannot read print. TTS can also replace the voice of persons with other print difficulties, such as illiteracy or those unable to speak. Finally, general people might benefit from this technology, which could be used on portable and mobile appliances or receive data when the eyes are occupied elsewhere.

2. Magnification: It expands the contents of the display. A larger typeface, a built-in better contrast background, or an extra-large display for persons with low eyesight may be sufficient. Screen magnification programs can be utilized instead.

3. Braille: A solution utilized by deaf-blind people for silent reading and meticulous study and deaf-blind people. This can be in the format of braille embossers or physical copy braille.

Alternative Ways to Enter Data

Another issue is how disabled persons enter data onto computers. You might not be able to text on a standard keyboard or use a mouse if you are physically challenged. Here are a few other options for physically challenged people to get relevant data:

  1. Sticky buttons: Make it simple to enter modifier keys. To make an uppercase, hit the shift key, then remove it before pressing the letter to be capitalized. People who only have one functional hand or have no need for their hand's type with a pen in their mouth employ the sticky key method.
  2. Speech recognition: Enables users to converse with computers. This technology has progressed significantly, but it still needs further integration into mainstream applications.

Accessibility of software tools

Lack of Context

Many accessibility hardware and software providers produce equipment and software to assist persons who cannot execute one of the four essential tasks outlined above. Screen going to read software, TTS, alternate hardware, translator software, screen optical zoom software, and reading skills software are all types of advanced devices and software that allow a bad spelling or learning disabled computer user to see and listen to the message as it is modified on the computer screen.

The value of accessibility suppliers' efforts cannot be overstated, as their solutions have considerably enhanced the job and personal fulfillment options of thousands of individuals with impairments.

However, many options fall short of giving people with disabilities a fully accessible and usable workplace. Due to a basic context issue, a user's engagement with a computer is influenced by the condition in which it occurs.

For example, one program may use the visual of a bulb to show that it is performing a task, while others might use it to signal that the work has been completed. The blind person will be unable to interpret what the program is seeking to express unless the application somehow informs them of the meaning of these fluorescent bulb pictures. Similarly, to understand what a customer is saying, speech recognition software frequently needs information about the context to encounter.

Importance of accessibility

In modern times, classrooms are affected by the shift from paper to digital materials. Instructional technology can be enjoyable, interactive, and directly linked to syllabi and evaluations. The effect of accessibility on online education will be explored in this session.

  1. Impact of accessibility in education
    In education, accessibility relates to how technology is utilized in class and accessed. Students can utilize software, programs, and other things to access online media areexamples of this. The time of students buying textbooks and teachers wasting months preparing work packs for pupils is essentially gone; today's students are required to accomplish work using digital resources. This assumption is exacerbated by the reality that not all students have equal access to online materials. Even if they have, they could have difficulty reading and interpreting the content.

    Teacher education is no longer thought to be something that only a few educators do or that only occurs just outside of the school. Instructional technology is increasingly implemented into classes and teaching resources, such as textbooks, practice, quizzes, and assignments. Schools can involve adding a few computers or tablets in each classroom to a 1:1 school, where the education department supplies each student with a tablet or computer.
  2. Impact of accessibility in the workplace
    Employers that ignore accessibility risk having a staff that struggles to achieve its objectives, which may lead to frustrations and even resignations, resulting in a loss of talent and low morale.

    Becoming an accessible employer involve removing barriers in your workplace, hiring methods, and work environment and being open and tolerant of all workers and applicants with disabilities. Through distinct, creative ideas, diversity creates creativity.
  3. Cognitive impairments and illiteracy
    A person with memory loss can benefit greatly from images, symbols, and graphic imagery. Individuals with Dyslexia, for example, may consider it difficult and time-consuming to obtain textual material. This can be easily remedied by using appropriate photos.

    This example demonstrates how small modifications may make a big difference for people who struggle with reading.

    Recommendations and auto-complete features can be really helpful. Tips may help people navigate more easily, especially if they have trouble remembering things or if making decisions makes them anxious.
  4. Visual impairments
    The most popular approach for blind people to access the Internet is through a browser and a display translator (also known as text-to-speech software). Microsoft Translator for Windows and Narration for Mac are two of the most widely used screen readers.Anyone designing for visually challenged consumers must recognize how text-to-speech software helps them "read" webpages. Here's how it works: A screen reader is a software program that converts Web content into clear text. It then examines the full page and speaks it loudly, line by line, one piece at a time, linearly.


Accessibility is a sphere where every person, whether disabled or abled, makes sure that he or she will complete his task in every situation and have an alternative for each problem.