Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated?

Our recommended hardware for updates is shown below. Driver and other component updates for your computer can resolve problems, improve functionality, and boost stability.

What hardware device drivers should be updated

How Frequently Should Your Drivers Be Updated?

Consider updating the drivers if there is an issue you are having with your device. If you want to increase performance, updating your drivers to the most recent version won't magically do it. It won't also make it unnecessary for you to update a slow PC. It is quite likely that when a driver is updated from one version to another, the only modifications implemented are bug fixes for specific use situations and perhaps a few very minor performance enhancements.

In general, if everything on your computer system is running smoothly, you may disregard the driver updates because there is a higher chance of breaking something than anything else. Naturally, this rule has a significant exception. Make sure your video card drivers are updated by utilizing the manufacturer's drivers if you want to get the most performance possible out of your system. The drivers for your sound card, networking, and chipset need all likely be updated as well. By replacing the stock Windows video card drivers with the official NVidia or ATI/AMD drivers, you'll notice a considerable improvement, and keeping those drivers up to date can lead to noticeable speed gains.

Updated BIOS

Only when you are experiencing hardware compatibility issues, or you believe your computer hardware is not operating as it should, should you update the BIOS on your computer. Visit the website of the company that makes your computer or motherboard to learn if there are any BIOS updates available for it and what they fix.

Firmware and drivers for CD/DVD drives

The performance of your optical drive (CD-ROM, CD-R, CD-RW, or DVD) may be enhanced by updating the drivers. For their CD drives, certain manufacturers might also offer firmware updates. Updates to the firmware can also alter the region code on your DVD drive. Firmware updates can also solve hardware-related issues with the CD drive, such as the inability to read specific CDs. The only users who should perform these upgrades, as opposed to a driver update, are those whose discs are experiencing hardware-related issues. The bulk of firmware updates can be found on the manufacturer's CD driver page.


Updating to the most recent driver versions increases the dependability of the controllers in your computer and the discs connected to them. Suppose you're using a device that isn't connected to the motherboard of your computer. By installing the most recent drivers for your motherboard, the controller card can be updated if you aren't using a separate component. These drivers are available from your motherboard or the OEM computer manufacturer.

Monitor drivers

Display devices, like computer monitors or flat-panel displays, are frequently automatically detected and set up by the operating system, unlike other hardware devices.

Keyboard drivers

Your computer keyboard shouldn't need any drivers and should be configured by the operating system unless it has unique keys.

Mouse drivers

Unless you are using a customized mouse with distinctive buttons, wheels, or other features, drivers are not required. The operating system ought to configure the mouse automatically.

Modem drivers

By updating the drivers, the computer modem's speed and dependability can both be improved. For a list of manufacturers and links to their driver update pages where you may get the most recent drivers. Additionally, certain modem manufacturers may offer firmware updates to correct hardware defects or increase the modem's compliance with new standards like V.90. Only upgrade your modem's firmware if the manufacturer of your computer or modem advises you to or if you think doing so would solve your problem. When updating the firmware on your modem, be sure to use a version that was created specially for it. The modem may stop working if the incorrect version of firmware is updated. The modem drivers page typically also provides access to firmware updates.

Drivers, firmware, and updates for motherboards

Updates to the motherboard or motherboard chipset drivers improve performance, reliability, and compatibility. It might also be advantageous to the other installed hardware on the computer.

Network driver software

The stability of a computer's network card may be improved by updating or installing the most recent drivers. Hardware incompatibilities or other issues may be resolved by firmware upgrades from some network card manufacturers. If the maker of your network card or system instructs you to, only apply these updates.

Drivers for printers

A computer printer's dependability and compatibility may be improved by updating or installing the most recent drivers.

Drivers for removable media

The reliability of a portable media device, like a tape drive, may be improved by updating or installing the most recent drivers.

Drivers for scanners

A scanner's dependability and compatibility may improve by updating or installing the most recent drivers.

Drivers for sound cards

The most recent drivers can be updated or installed to increase a sound card's compatibility, dependability, and performance.

Driver for video

A video card's compatibility, dependability, and performance are all improved by updating or installing the most recent drivers. Some manufacturers of video cards might also offer firmware upgrades. Other hardware issues or issues with the video card's compatibility may be resolved by firmware updates. If the manufacturer of your computer or video card recommends it, only upgrade your firmware.

Why You Should Update Your Drivers Often

Previously, you didn't need to update your computer's hardware or operating system. While it may have seemed easy at the time, this really led to more problems and exposed your computer to security risks. Some of the most crucial include the following contemporary justifications for updating drivers:

  • Updating the Operating System Consistently: It's crucial to update drivers because out-of-date peripheral drivers cannot work properly if your operating system is updated. This suggests that your system might not operate as you would expect it to or that it might entirely cease working. The most recent OS patch ensures that your peripherals function flawlessly when you update your operating system.
  • Making New Software Compatibility a Priority: By enabling your operating system to correctly utilize the most recent programs, updating your drivers can help maximize the hardware's functionality. A driver update can improve the hardware for more modern apps, such as more latest versions of Adobe Photoshop or popular new games.
  • Removing bugs: Many users test out brand-new peripherals on various platforms as soon as they become available. This can help bring up issues that had previously been kept under wraps. Developers and manufacturers frequently release new drivers to address these issues. You will have the best experience with your system if you update these drivers.
  • Establishing Security: The main argument in favour of updating your drivers is device security. This is due to the possibility of unauthorized users or hackers taking advantage of outdated drivers. Even the secure portion of your operating system might be accessed by them. Some drivers have direct access to your machine's kernel at a very low level. A software weakness can provide malicious software direct access to your OS and allow it to take control of your device.

How Can You Tell Which Drivers Need to Be Updated?

The enormous popularity of Microsoft Windows as an operating system is one advantage of using it for your computer. With such a large user base, manufacturers of all kinds of devices are encouraged to support Windows and all of its features, leading to the development of a wide range of third-party products, including:

  • Trackballs and all varieties of mice are examples of pointing devices.
  • Scanners and printers from all manufacturers
  • keyboards and monitors
  • visual cards
  • Sound cards and other audio gear
  • Internal and external drives are examples of storage devices
  • Peripherals for networking, such as hubs, routers, and modems

Microsoft updates its operating system frequently to add new features, correct bugs, and support new peripherals in order to support all of these devices.

When unexpected things occur while working with your systems, such as a printer that doesn't deliver the intended results, an inability to connect to a network, or any other technical problem, Windows can be a hard system to manage. From checking cable connections to restarting your computer or looking for driver updates that might fix your problem, troubleshooting problems can involve a wide range of steps.