Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)?

What is a Path?

In computing, a path refers to the unique location of a file or folder on a computer system. Paths are an essential part of navigating through a computer's file system and are used to locate and access files or folders.

A path can be considered a roadmap to a particular file or folder. It is a sequence of directories and filenames uniquely identifying the file's location or folder on the computer system. A path can be either absolute or relative.

An absolute path is a complete path that starts at the root directory and lists every directory and subdirectory in the path to the file or folder. For example, on a Windows computer, an absolute path might look like this:


This path starts at the root directory (C:) and lists every directory and subdirectory in the path to the file (MyFile.txt).

A relative path, on the other hand, is a path that starts at the current directory and lists the directories and subdirectories in the path to the file or folder. For example, if the current directory is C:\Users\JohnDoe, a relative path to MyFile.txt might look like this:


This path does not start at the root directory and assumes that the file or folder is located in the Documents subdirectory of the current directory.

Paths are used in a variety of contexts in computing. For example, when opening or saving a file, a path is used to specify the file's location on the computer's file system. In programming, paths are used to locate files and folders that are needed by the program.

In conclusion, paths are an important concept in computing and are used to locate files and folders on a computer's file system. Whether absolute or relative, paths provide a roadmap to a file or folder and are an essential part of navigating through a computer's file system.

This shows the path of the file or document in the computer.

What is a Path

Different types of computer-related paths

There are several types of computer-related paths, including:

  1. Absolute path: An absolute path specifies the exact location of a file or folder from the root directory. It starts with the root directory symbol (/ on Unix-like systems or C:\ on Windows) and lists all the directories in the path to the file or folder. For example, /usr/share/doc/file.txt is an absolute path.
  2. Relative path: A relative path specifies the location of a file or folder relative to the current working directory. It doesn't start with the root directory symbol but instead uses the names of the directories that are in the path to the file or folder. For example, if the current working directory is /usr/share, the relative path to the file.txt would be doc/file.txt.
  3. UNC path: A UNC (Universal Naming Convention) path is used to access files or folders on a network. It uses the format \servername\sharename\directory\filename to locate the file or folder on the network.
  4. URL path: A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) path is used to locate web pages or files on the internet. It starts with a protocol (such as http:// or https://), followed by the domain name or IP address of the web server, and then the path to the file or page.

These are the most common computer-related paths to locate and access files and folders on a computer or network.

How do I display the current path?

The method for displaying the current path depends on the operating system you are using.

On Windows:

To display the current path on Windows, you can open a Command Prompt window and enter the command "cd" (without the quotes) followed by a space and the command "echo %cd%" (again, without the quotes). This will display the current directory or folder in the command prompt window.

On macOS or Linux:

To display the current path on macOS or Linux, you can open a Terminal window and enter the command "pwd" (without the quotes). This will display the current directory or folder in the terminal window.

Alternatively, in both Windows and macOS, you can view the current path by opening the file explorer or finder and checking the address bar, which displays the current path to the folder or directory you are viewing.

Note: In both Windows and macOS, the current path may differ depending on the user account you are logged into and the current working directory of the terminal or command prompt window.

Uses of path

File Management: Paths are used to access and manage files and directories within a file system, allowing users to organize and store data.

Software Development: Paths specify the location of resources, such as images, libraries, or configuration files.

Networking: Paths are used in networking to specify the location of network resources, such as printers or shared folders, and to share data between computers.

Command Line Interfaces: Paths are used in command-line interfaces to specify the location of files and directories and to automate processes.

Web Development: Paths specify the location of web pages, images, and other resources.

Backup and Recovery: Paths specify the location of data for backup and recovery processes, allowing users to protect and recover data in the event of data loss.

Automation: Paths are used to automate processes, such as file synchronization, by specifying the data location in a consistent and standardized manner.

Paths play a crucial role in many areas of computing, including file management, software development, networking, command-line interfaces, web development, backup and recovery, and automation. Understanding and using paths is important to working with computers and data.

Advantages of path

  • Ease of Access: Paths provide a convenient and standardized way of accessing files and directories within a file system. This makes it easier to locate and manage data and automate processes.
  • Portability: Using paths, data can be referenced and accessed across different platforms and operating systems, especially in cross-platform software development.
  • Improved Efficiency: By using paths, developers can specify the location of resources concisely and consistently, reducing the risk of errors and improving overall efficiency.
  • Better Organization: Paths can structure and organize files and directories within a file system, making it easier to find and manage data.
  • Automation: Paths can automate processes, such as data backup or file synchronization, by specifying the data location in a consistent and standardized manner.
  • Sharing: Paths can be used to share resources, such as files and directories, across a network or between different users, making collaboration and data sharing easier and more efficient.

Understanding paths in computer systems have numerous advantages, including improved access, portability, efficiency, organization, automation, and sharing of resources.

Disadvantages of path

  • Complexity: The use of paths can become complex, especially in large and complex file systems, making it difficult to manage and organize data.
  • Inconsistent naming conventions: Different operating systems and file systems may use different naming conventions for paths, leading to confusion and compatibility issues.
  • Security Concerns: Paths can provide access to sensitive data and resources and, if not properly secured, can be vulnerable to unauthorized access or manipulation.
  • Interoperability: Paths may not be compatible across different platforms and operating systems, making it difficult to access and share data between systems.
  • Limited Flexibility: Paths are often rigid and cannot easily be changed, making it difficult to reorganize data or switch to a different file system.
  • Typographical Errors: Paths must be entered correctly to access the correct file, folder, or directory. Typographical errors can result in incorrect data access or loss of data.

While paths are a useful tool for accessing and managing data in computer systems, they also have some potential disadvantages, including complexity, inconsistent naming conventions, security concerns, interoperability issues, limited flexibility, and the risk of typographical errors. Careful consideration and management of paths are necessary to maximize their benefits and minimize potential drawbacks.

Some important tips about Path

  • Consistent Naming Conventions: Use a consistent naming convention for paths, especially when working with different operating or file systems. This will reduce the risk of compatibility issues and make it easier to access and manage data.
  • Use Absolute Paths: Use absolute paths whenever possible to ensure that the correct file or directory is accessed, even if the current working directory changes.
  • Avoid Typographical Errors: Be careful when entering paths to avoid typographical errors, which can result in incorrect data access or loss.
  • Document Paths: Document important paths, such as those for critical data or system resources, for future reference and to simplify troubleshooting.
  • Automate Path-related Tasks: Consider using scripts or other automation tools to manage path-related tasks, such as file backup or synchronization, to improve efficiency and reduce the risk of errors.
  • Use Shortcuts: Consider using shortcuts, such as environment variables or symbolic links, to simplify path management and reduce the risk of errors.
  • Secure Paths: Ensure that sensitive data and resources are protected by securing paths and controlling access to data.

Following these tips can help you effectively manage and use paths in computer systems, improving the efficiency and security of your data and processes.

What is a Path


A path in computing refers to the location of a file, directory, or resource within a file system. Paths use a specific syntax, such as "/" in Unix-based systems or " in Windows, to define the hierarchy of directories and subdirectories leading to a specific file or resource. Paths play a crucial role in many areas of computing, including file management, software development, networking, and automation, and are used to access, organize, and manage data. However, paths can also pose challenges, such as complexity, inconsistent naming conventions, security concerns, interoperability issues, and the risk of typographical errors.