Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? Object Linking and Embedding in MS Word Semiconductor Memory Types of Parallel Computing Web Resources Difference between Virus, Worm and Trojan Horse Difference between HQ (High Quality) and HD (High Definition) What is Text Wrapping What is Timestamp? Semiconductor Ram Memory What is a File Attribute? What is a Video Call? Difference between SDRAM and DDR What is ANSI? Difference between DOS and Windows How to Set the Path and Environment Variables in Windows? Mainframe System What is ScanDisk? C drive in Mac Computer Memory Table How to Change the Keyboard Language in Windows? What is a Video Call? What is a Zoom Slider? What is Floppy Disk in Computer What is the most Popular Operating System? OMR in Computer What is a Work Area?

What is Graphic Design?

Graphic Design is a way to represent the content or ideas visually. In other words, it is the process of composing and arranging the visual content of an individual's task or project. Graphic designers apply techniques like visual hierarchy, typography, and attractive pictures to meet user's requirements. Nowadays, everyone engages in some graphic design tasks daily, whether coloring a spreadsheet for work or adding text to an image for social media use. You engage in graphic design if you're producing visual material.

What is Graphic Design?

Elements in Graphic Designing

Graphic designers use specific visual elements to create an attractive project. Designers can apply its components to create compelling visuals. These elements include Color, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, Size, and Space. Apart from these elements, some visual concept elements are guidelines graphic designers use to achieve attractive compositions. Balance, Contrast, Emphasis, Proportion, Rhythm, and Movement.

What is Typography?

Typography means how to do arranging type, changing type, and designing type. Illustration techniques are used to create and modify type glyphs or characters. The choice of typefaces, point size, line spacing, the space between two particular characters, and the space between all characters used make up the type arrangement. Typographers, compositors, graphic artists, art directors, and secretarial staff perform typography. Before the advent of the internet, typography was a specialized field of work. Some fonts convey stereotypes or are similar to them.

Tools Used by a Graphic Artist

There are a set of tools graphic designers use to complete their piece of designing task assigned by their company or a personal task.

  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • InDesign
  • Canva
  • After Effects
  • Figma
  • CorelDRAW
  • Blender
  • Inkscape
  • Sketch

Different Types of Graphic Design

There are various types of design. Here, we describe the most usable cases of graphic designing in many fields.

1) Web Design: However, these terms, web design and graphic design, are different. A graphic designer works on visual elements that are used in a website. Designing a website is challenging and different from making simple logos or brochures. It is not as easy as it sounds. To design a website, the Designer must have a deep knowledge of User Experience (UX) and User Interface (UI). A web designer work on various project such as:

  • Constructing a web page layout
  • Creating buttons and icons
  • Videos and GIFs
  • Images and illustrations, etc.

2) Brand Design: It sets standards and best practices for a business to follow across all branded materials to maintain a compatible brand identity. To effectively communicate a company's tone, essential messages, etc. Brand designers use a lot of strategies to make the brand design effective. A brand designer is responsible for doing these tasks.

  • Creates and selects font and typography guidelines
  • Creates product design
  • Design letterheads, icons, and other illustrations
  • Creates brand colours and rules for how to use

3) Marketing and Ads Design: Designers work for this type of design to make advertisements, like promotional emails, newsletters, posters, billboards, catalogues, packaging, etc. Also, digital marketing ads, such as television ads, social media ads or posts, video ads, etc.

4) Publication or Editorial Design: This type of graphic design is used to create layouts and artwork such as graphics, illustrations, photography, etc. In this realm of design, the artist works on books, magazines, podcasts, newspapers, and more. It is still a highlighted part of printing and digital editorial publications.

4) Motion Design: This design area is growing and developing, and profiles for motion graphic designers are increasing. In this type of design, the designers do basic and advanced-level motion designing. It comprises animations, trailer videos, banners, video games, and many more.

5) Packaging Design: It is marked as an essential marketing tool. In this area, graphic designers develop print-ready files, concepts, mockups, etc. Designers must know print processes along with industrial design and manufacturing. Packaging graphic designers also monitor market trends and competitor products to create packaging that appeals to customers.

6) Illustration Design: Illustrations are frequently used in web, marketing, and brand design. Some designers work with larger design teams, providing individual assets for different projects and only concentrate on providing illustrations. Illustration design can include:

  • Marketing Campaigns
  • Children's books
  • Cards and stationery items
  • T-shirts and other costumes

7) Infographic Design: It is represented in 2D illustrations used in the website as a video form. In this section, designers create the design to explain information and complex problems through 2D solutions. For example, pie charts and bar diagrams quickly view complex data, and minimal context provides an easy-to-understand concept about a topic.

After getting a detailed view of the various types of graphic design, you are also curious about the history of graphic design. Here, we have provided a brief history of graphic designing.

History of Graphic Designing

In human history, graphic design relates to a new idea in the arts and communication. Graphic Design was first used in San Francisco in 1908 and in an advertisement for a course on Graphic Design and Lettering at the California School of Arts and Crafts, Berkeley, in 1918.

The creation of graphic design is not the newest. However, this word was used when the term appeared in an academic setting, leading to the formalization of graphic design as a method and approach that could be taught. It is associated with how to handle the form, material, typography, colour, etc. would also be established.

Difference Between Graphic Design & Web Design

The terms graphic design and web design are different from each other. Those significant differences are differentiated in the below section.

Graphic DesigningWeb Designing
Graphic designers are responsible for creating digital media content visually to express a message or idea.Web design is the process of creating user interfaces and visually appealing websites. Effectively, it covers user experience, website design, etc.
There are some terms for creating design, like logos, posters, brochures, branding materials, etc.Website designers use a variety of elements, such as layout, navigation, user interface, user experience, and numerous other terms, to create functional and attractive websites.
Graphic designers play with various elements, such as typography, colour theory, layout techniques, etc. -Web designers consider user interaction when creating a website to guarantee usability, accessibility, and responsiveness across various devices and screen sizes.
The main objective of static designs is to show a particular message or thought digitally or visually.Web designers use front-end development languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create web pages.

How to Become a Graphic Designer?

First, you need a degree in graphic design from a reputable college or university. Learn the fundamentals of graphic designing, along with designing software such as Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Canva, etc. These are widely used and the most popular software in the design field.

What is Graphic Design?

Practice regularly by creating various designs and different styles. Working on various projects to develop your skills is practice. Also, be updated with current trends in design through books, tutorials, workshops, design communities, etc. Build your portfolio and include various projects showing your abilities and creativity. Building a portfolio is essential to convince clients or employers of your abilities.

Look for an internship to enhance your skills and knowledge with live projects in a company. You can improve your skills and expand your professional network with these experiences. Participate in workshops or online design communities. Connecting with professionals and gaining knowledge from others.

After that, look for entry-level jobs in companies like publishing houses, advertising agencies, design firms, or internal design departments of businesses to gain experience in your field.

Future of Graphic Designing

The need for digital graphic design is growing because people depend highly on digital platforms. They receive news, make payments online, and do many other tasks digitally. In addition, designers must grow their skills to create content for various digital platforms like websites, social media, etc. Motion graphics, animation, and interactive design are becoming more popular in this digital life. These designers will be in high demand in the future because they can create creative content for websites, advertisements, apps, etc.


This article is all about graphic design. We have discussed various types of graphic designing, history, elements, and tools, and we have differentiated between web and graphic designers. Additionally, we have described important terms for being a graphic designer and the future scope of graphic design.