Computer Fundamentals Index

Computer Introduction Types of computer Characteristics of computer Uses of computer History of Computers

Computer Languages

Low Level language Middle level Language High level language

Computer Generation

Generation of Computers First Generation of Computer Second generation of Computers Third generation of Computers Fourth generation of Computers Fifth generation of Computers Sixth Generation of Computer

Peripheral Devices

Input devices Output device


Block diagram and basic components Control processing unit (CPU) Software Hardware


Computer Memory Registers Memory Hierarchy RAM Vs ROM Understanding file sizes (Bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB, YB)

Computer Network

Types of Network Types of Area Networks (LAN, WAN, MAN) TCP Flags

Computer Virus

Computer Virus

Computer Ports

Computer Ports


How to hack a computer How much do Computer Programmers make How does a Computer work How to associate a file with a program How does a computer convert text into binary How does a computer process data into information How to fix a CD-ROM DVD How to fix the no input signal How to install computer memory How to associate a file with a program How to log out of your operating system How do I change my name on Google How to installation or uninstallation Microsoft Paint How to fix a not a valid Win32 application error How to fix missing Microsoft Windows .dll files How to use a computer keyboard How to erase my hard drive and start over How can I test how many words I can write a minute How to shut down a computer How do I open and edit the Windows registry How to edit the registry from the command line How to restart Microsoft Windows How to install a computer processor How to open Microsoft Paint How to fix problems in Windows after installing new software How to enable or disable the preview pane of Microsoft Outlook How to open a Microsoft .wps or Works file in Word How to view the HTML source code in Microsoft Word How to View or Change the Screen Resolution of a Monitor How to Connect and Install a Computer Keyboard How to Delete Temporary Files in Windows 10 How to determine Which Version of Microsoft Office I'm using How to find out how much hard drive space is available How to Fix PC Stuck on Verifying DMI Pool Data How to choose which items show in the notification area How to find similar images using Search by Image How to fix Low Memory and out of memory errors How To Replace the CMOS Battery How do I Update my Antivirus Program How to fix a general protection fault How to Identify problems in the Windows Device Manager How can the Base be Shown How to test if a Website or Web Page is down How Much is 1 Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, etc How to fix a CMOS checksum error How to Fix a Windows CD-ROM, DVD, or Disc Drive Issue How to Open Safe Mode How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows How to Reset CMOS or BIOS Settings How to use Computer Keyboard How to create a text file How to enable or disable DHCP in Windows How to test computer memory to determine if its bad How do double space or change line spacing in Microsoft Word How do I know if I have Windows Administrator Rights How many cores does my computer have How to Create a Directory or Folder How to Enter and Exit the BIOS or CMOS Setup How to change Windows Compatibility mode How to clear your internet browser history How to Connect Computer Speakers How to Copy a Web Page Link or URL How to install a Hard Drive or SSD How to Open the Windows Control Panel How to split a screen in Windows How to copy text from a scanned PDF


Who invented Computer What are the advantages of the Internet? What are the disadvantages of the Internet? Is my computer 64 bit? What is Edge Computing? What is a Router? What is Monitor What is Printer What is a Web Browser What is Microphone What is a Webcam What is PC What is Keyboard What is Motherboard What is WAP What is URL What is a Digital Assistant When was the first Computer Invented What is Modem What is Firmware What is Imperative Programming What is Protocol What is Safe Mode What is Device Driver What is Hybrid Topology What is Mesh Topology What is Procedural language What is a hyperlink What is a Username Who invented the Internet What is Video Card What is Sound Card What is Binary What does Alt+B do What does Alt+D do What does Alt+E do What does Alt+Esc do What does Alt+R do What does ALT + Q do What does Alt + Tab do What is Data Manipulation What is a touch screen What is Back Panel What is Analog Monitor What is AR lens What is an ATX Style Connector What is a File System What is Hard Disk Drive (HDD) What is a boot device What is accessibility What is Line In What is network Interface card (NIC) What is Optical Disk Where can I ask questions on the internet What is Auto Rotate What is CAD (Computer-aided design) What is Cable Modem What is Home Page What is boot menu What is braille reader What is flash memory What is Windows What is Clipboard What is Cyber Warfare What is Myspace Why has my IP address changed What is Jacquard Loom My computer is running slow, what steps can I do to fix it What is a Kensington Lock What is a multicore processor What is automation Are smartphones and tablets computers What is a Login Script What is a Loosely Typed Language What is Multitasking? Why my computer monitor shows no display or black screen What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is REM What is Parallelization What is Overtype mode What is open with What is Bracket What is an Online Service What is the Pg Dn Key (Page Down Key) What is the Pg up Key (Page up Key) What is Palmtop Computer What is a Processing Device What is a Print Preview What is the Print Screen Key What can I do if my computer or laptop is lost or stolen What is a Model Number What are the currently available antivirus programs What are Toggle keys What is a Case fan What is a Silicon Chip What is a Slate PC What is a TAB stop What is an Octothorpe What is Task Pane What is Task View What is the svchost.exe file used for in Windows Where can I find free online virus scanners Why am I unable to increase the resolution in Windows What is Autofill When I click my mouse, it sometimes double-clicks What is Scratch What is UDIMM What is MsConfig What is an Expansion Card What is an Executable File What is an Elevated Command Prompt What is an AC Adapter What is AIMBOT What is a Software Suite What is a LED Monitor What does Alt + X do What does alt + space do What does Alt + O do Now that I’ve got a Computer, what can i do What is a Punch Card What is RDIMM What is Select All What is Serial number What is Thermos flask What programs can I use for speech recognition What are the Advantages of Computers What are the Disadvantages of Computers What does Alt + T do What Hardware Device Drivers should be Updated What is a Desktop What is a Ring Topology What is CMOS What is a Directory What is a Mechanical Mouse What is a Plotter What is a Variable What is an Icon What is Data What is HDMI What is Remote What is Right-Click What is SMPS Why does my Laptop not turn on What is a Copyright What is a Cordless Mouse What is a CSV file What is a Joystick What is a Start Button What is a Taskbar What is an Alignment What is an Output Device What is Cat 5 What is Google Chrome What is Post What are Recordable DVD Drives What Does Alt + F4 Do What Does Alt + L Do What is a bit (Binary Digit) What is a cable What is a Calculator What is a capacitor What is a Cold Boot What is a Dialog Box What is a Dual-boot What is a Slide What is A4 What is AM What is Barcode Reader What is EHCI What is a Header What is a Joystick What is a Secondary Storage Device What is Access Time What is Account Sharing What is an Asterisk What is Asynchronous DRAM What is Back Quote What is BIOS What is Borderless Printing What is Case Badge What is CD-ROM What is Chat Slang What is Composite What is RJ Cable What Are Bottom Row Keys What is SAN What is Tray What is VDU What Does Alt + M Do What Does Alt + P Do What is a Cell What is a Command Key What is a key Combination What is a Menu Bar What is a Startup What is a T What is Chat What are the F1 through F12 keys What does Alt + Enter do What Does Alt + Home DO What does Alt + R do What does Ctrl + B do What Does Ctrl + Enter Do What Does Ctrl + R Do What does Ctrl + G do What does Ctrl + 9 do What does Ctrl + End do What does Ctrl + O do What Does Ctrl + P do What Does Ctrl + Q do What is a Colon What is a Core What is Apple Touch Icon What is Clock What is Code What is Computer Crime What is Ctrl What is DAT What is Data diddling What is Date Why won't my computer turn on What Does Alt + N Do What does ctrl + 2 do What does ctrl + space do What does Ctrl + W do What does Ctrl + T Do What Does Ctrl + 2 do What does Ctrl + 5 Do What are the most common file types and file extensions What are Sticky keys What Does Ctrl + Shift + Esc Do What is Settings What is Task Manager What is Taskbar What is a DNS Resolver What does ctrl + 1 do What does ctrl + 0 do How to install software What is a Folder What is a Legend What is a MAC Address What is a Path What is a Ruler What is a Toolbar What is an Intranet Meaning and Differences with Internet What is an SSD What is Inheritance What is Tablet What is Depth What is Docking Station What is Double Click What is a Solid Ink Printer What is a Temporary File What is Backup and Restore What is Electronic Payment Systems Eps What is Marshalling


Difference between hardware and software Difference between multiprocessor and distributed systems Difference between Desktop and Laptop Difference between File and folder Difference between Hard Copy and Soft Copy Open Source Programs vs Closed Source Programs Difference between Optical Fibre and Coaxial Cable Difference between Website and Webpage Difference between Classes and Objects Input VS Output Difference between Primary and Secondary Storage with Examples


Quantum Computing Computer Software Autoexec.bat and config.sys info Update an Antivirus Use of Internet Advantages and disadvantages of Email Computing Power Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Augmented Reality Infrastructure Readiness Check Top 10 Internet tips and tricks Introduction and Features of FoxPro Features of Multimedia Top 10 online services and applications Receiving S.M.A.R.T. status bad backup and replacing error Version Control System Uninstalling Software or Apps in Windows Data Warehouse Increase or decrease font size in Word using keyboard shortcuts Mouse not detected or working in Windows Computer Cleaning Information and Steps Function Keys on Keyboard Windows 7 Alt+Tab won’t stay on top or stick 10 Essential Examples of Web Browsers Binary Subtraction using 2’s Complement Case Sensitive Languages Computer Pioneers and people who are CEO Microsoft Word Shortcut Keys Parts of Computers Names, Definitions and Images ROM and its Types Basics of Information Technology Characteristics of a Good Software Design Characteristics of Management Information System Classification of Management Information System Implementation of MIS Input Devices of Computer Definition Limitations of Management Information System 3 Types Of Network in Computer Block Diagram Of Control Unit Difference Between Computer and Embedded System Difference Between Hard Disk and Floppy Disk Abstraction in OOAD Hardware and Software Devices Optomechanical Mouse CMOS Memory What is a Terminal? What is Graphic Design? What is Load? What is Passcode? What is Reboot? What is Registry? What is Safe Mode? What is Standby? What is SYN (Synchronize)? What is Task Manager? Attribute Computing BPS in Computer Bulletin Board System Light Pen Input Device 3 TYPES OF NETWORK IN COMPUTER Block diagram of control unit What is a Solid Ink Printer? What is a Temporary File? What is an App launcher? What is Backup and Restore? What is a Tab Character? What is the Core i3? What is Paint? What is a Workbook? Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education What is a String? What is a VDU (Visible Display Unit)? 50 Uses of Computer What is Workspace? What is a Procedural Language? What is VGA (Video Graphics Array)?

What is Standby?

Standby, regularly called sleep mode, is a power-saving option that maximum computer systems, monitors, and other electronic gadgets have. The tool may additionally momentarily flip down energy-hungry hardware functions consisting of the display, network hardware, or internal garage after a predetermined quantity of inactivity. The device returns to regular capability if the user interacts with it.

What is Standby?

When a computer or other electric tool is not in use, standby mode helps keep electricity without completely shutting it down. The device's body usually has a consistent or flashing amber light to indicate standby mode. The indicator light turns green while the person interacts with the device and removes it from standby mode. When it comes to generation and electrical law, the word standby is quite important. The period standby describes a state or technique whilst a device is functional but not actively pleasant in its primary characteristic. It's a kingdom of equipped, in which a machine, tool, or system may be used right away whilst the use of little or no power. To recognize standby, one should look into its abilities, the way it operates across exclusive gadgets, and how it affects energy performance.

How to use Windows to put a machine on standby

Use these procedures to get Microsoft Windows to go into standby mode.

  • Manually put the computer to sleep.
  • Either hit the Windows key or click Start.
  • In Windows 10, click the Power icon located in the bottom-left corner of the menu when the apps list displays.
  • Choose the sleep option after pressing the power button.
  • Place the computer in a passive sleep mode.

A computer must remain idle until the allotted time for sleep mode has elapsed to be placed in standby mode passively. Under the power management options, you can adjust the amount of time the computer needs to sleep.

Features of the Standby Mode

Standby mode serves as a middle floor between complete operation and entire shutdown. When a tool enters standby mode, it appreciably reduces its strength consumption at the same time as retaining the functionality to unexpectedly resume everyday operation upon personal input or triggering activities.

For instance, standby mode on a computer suspends maximum methods and places the gadget in a low-power nation. But it maintains enough strength to hold the tool walking in reminiscence at its current-day degree so that once the customer wakes the tool, it can quickly resume regular function.

Cross-Device Applications

Numerous devices, beginning from sophisticated digital devices to family home equipment, operate in standby mode:

  • Computing Devices: To save power when now not in use, standby modes are often included in laptops, computer systems, drugs, and smartphones. When a user interacts with those devices, they could rapidly go back to full operation.
  • Home equipment: Standby modes allow appliances together with TVs, microwaves, and espresso makers to live on standby for the benefit of the person at the same time as ingesting the least quantity of power.
  • Electronics: A lot of purchaser electronics, along with DVD gamers, gaming consoles, and audio structures, use standby modes to store electricity while not in use and to lead them to be right away available.
  • Industrial Equipment: To lessen electricity intake in non-operational hours and increase ordinary energy performance, standby modes are frequently incorporated into equipment and gadgets in commercial settings.

Advantages and disadvantages of Standby mode

Standby mode, additionally known as strength-saving mode, is a function that many digital devices should lessen electricity consumption at the same time as they may be now not in use for an extended time body. The essential gain of standby mode is that it can help to preserve battery life or lessen electricity consumption if the tool is plugged into a strength outlet. -Also, some devices may robotically enter standby mode to prevent unintended activation or to grow battery existence whilst no longer in use for a while.

The major downside of standby mode is that it may cause the device to take longer to start up again as it has to gain its normal running temperature. Compared to hibernate mode, it consumes greater power. -Furthermore, your PC's precise power requirements for sleep or hibernate will range, but typically speaking, sleep mode makes use of a few watts more than hibernate does. Additionally, if your battery runs out in the course of sleep, the PC will routinely transfer to hibernate mode to hold your laptop nation.

When you will be long gone from your computer for a little amount of time, such as taking a lunch break, standby is a clever option for saving PC battery lifestyles.

Why do we use it?

You have the option to place your laptop in standby mode, sometimes referred to as sleep mode, as opposed to fully shutting it down. Find all about the pros and drawbacks of standby.

Standby mode places your laptop in a low-power state as opposed to completely shutting down the display, hard drive, and other internal components like optical drives. When the computer enters into "sleep mode," any open documents or programs are saved in the Random-access memory (RAM) of the system.

Random Access Memory (RAM) is where the Standby mode, a power management state, stores the configuration of the system and peripheral devices. The system continues to run while consuming very little power.

The primary gain is that once you begin your laptop from standby, it takes only some seconds to get lower back to what you had been operating on. You do not should wait for the computer to besides up, as you will if the PC becomes closed down. Compared to hibernating, every other option for powering down your laptop, with standby or sleep mode, the computer resumes speedier.

Environmental Impact and Energy Conservation

When it involves power conservation techniques, standby mode is crucial. Encouraging devices to apply much less strength when they are not in use helps lower general energy usage and related fees. But in houses and places of work, standby power—also referred to as vampire electricity or phantom load—can nevertheless build up if a whole lot of devices are left on standby for long periods. Reduced standby energy intake can bring about big electricity financial savings over the years, to advantage of the environment with the aid of reducing greenhouse gasoline emissions.

Problems and Solutions

Even if standby mode makes a sizeable contribution to electricity discounts, some troubles still exist:

Standby power Draw: Although at a reduced fee, gadgets that are located in standby mode nevertheless require strength. To similarly reduce idle power intake, this problem requires a combination of consumer recognition, generation trends, and regulatory movements.

User Awareness and Behaviour: Avoiding unnecessary standby strength consumption can be substantially reduced by informing users about the effects of standby electricity and promoting accountable tool usage. Little things like disconnecting electronics at the same time as not in use for long periods may have a huge effect.

Ongoing Innovation: It remains important that standby generation is kept updated. The purpose of studies and improvement is to further decrease standby electricity intake without sacrificing performance by growing more energy-green components and better electricity management algorithms.