Java Tutorial

Java Tutorial Java Features C++ vs Java Java History Java Hello World Java Development Kit Java Runtime Environment Java Virtual Machine Difference between JDK, JRE, and JVM Memory Areas in Java Java Operators Java Keywords Primitive Data Types Variables

Java Loops

Java Do While Loop Java While Loop Java For Loop Java Enhanced For Loop

Java Programs

Java Basic Programs Factorial Program in Java Fibonacci Series Program in Java Prime Number Program in Java Palindrome Number Program in Java Armstrong Number Program in Java Anagram Program in Java Pattern Programs in Java Calculator Program in Java Leap Year Program in Java Addition Program in Java Number Pattern Programs in Java Star Pattern Programs in Java Package Program in Java Pyramid Program in Java Sorting Program in Java String Palindrome Program in Java Even Odd Program in Java For Loop Program in Java If Else Program in Java Switch Case Program in Java GCD Program in Java LCM Program in Java Hello Program in Java Matrix Program in Java Menu Driven Program in Java Series Program in Java Client Server Program in Java Swapping Program in Java Pig Latin Program in Java Tower of Hanoi Program in Java Recursion Program in Java Matrix Multiplication Program in Java Perfect Number Program in Java Classes and Objects in Java Example Programs String Programs in Java Array Programs in Java Constructor Program in Java Inheritance Program in Java Abstract class Program in Java Interface Program in Java Encapsulation Program in Java Polymorphism Program in Java Exception Handling Program in Java Multithreading Program in Java Thread Program in Java Collection Programs in Java ArrayList Program in Java Stack Program in Java Applet Program in Java Swing Program in Java JDBC Program in Java How to run Java program in command prompt How to run Java program in Eclipse

Java Sorting

Sorting Algorithms in Java Merge Sort in Java Quick Sort in Java Bubble Sort in Java Insertion Sort in Java Selection Sort in Java Heap Sort in Java Radix Sort in Java Topological Sort in Java Bucket Sort in Java Counting Sort in Java

Java OOPs Concepts

OOPs - Object Oriented Programming Objects and Classes in Java Java Naming Conventions Constructors in Java Java this keyword Java static keyword Inheritance in Java Aggregation in Java Java super keyword Constructor Chaining and Constructor Overloading Java Polymorphism Static and Dynamic Binding in Java Java Abstraction Abstract class in Java Interface in Java Difference between Abstract class and Interface Java final keyword Packages in Java Access Modifiers in Java Java Wrapper classes Java Numbers Java Characters Java Integer Java Boolean Java Arrays Java Command Line Arguments Java strictfp Keyword Java Math

Java Strings

Java Strings Java String Methods StringBuilder in Java StringBuffer in Java Java Regular Expressions StringBuffer vs StringBuilder String vs StringBuffer String vs StringBuilder String Manipulation in Java Java String Concatenation How to Reverse a String in Java String Array in Java How to Compare Two Strings in Java How to Concatenate Two Strings in Java Why String in Immutable in Java java.lang.NumberFormatException for Input String String Pool in Java Java Generate Random String How to take String Input in Java Java String Interview Questions

Java Exceptions

Exception Handling in Java Java try catch Java throw Java throws Difference between throw and throws Java finally Java Custom Exception Java Exception Propagation

Garbage Collection

Automatic Resource Management in Java Java Garbage Collection Java finalize() Java gc() Difference between final, finally and finalize

Multithreading

Multithreading in Java Process and Thread in Java Basic Terms in Multithreading Java Thread creation Thread Scheduler in Java Java Thread class DeadLock in Java

Java IO

Java IO Java Read File Java BufferedWriter Java InputStreamReader Java File Java Read File Line By Line Java FileOutputStream Jar File in Java

Serialization

Java Serialization Java transient

Networking

Java Network Programming Java Socket Programming Java URL Java URLConnection HttpURLConnection in Java Java InetAddress Java DatagramSocket and Java DatagramPacket

AWT

Java AWT

Swing

Swing in Java

Java Collections

Collections in Java Java List Interface ArrayList in Java LinkedList in Java Vector in Java Stack in Java ArrayList vs LinkedList in Java ArrayList vs Vector in Java Java Set Interface HashSet in Java LinkedHashSet in Java TreeSet in Java Java Queue Interface PriorityQueue in Java ArrayDeque in Java Java Map Interface HashMap in Java LinkedHashMap in Java TreeMap in Java Dictionary in Java Hashtable in Java Properties in Java Collections class in Java Java Comparable Java Comparator Comparable vs Comparator in Java

Java Generics

Generics in Java

Java Annotations

Annotations in Java

Java JDBC

Java JDBC Tutorial

Java Differences

Java vs JavaScript Python vs Java Kotlin vs Java Java vs C++ C# vs Java Static vs Non-static in Java C vs Java int vs Integer in Java Stack vs Heap in Java Java Array vs ArrayList

How to

How to run Java program How to set path in Java How to check the Java version in cmd How to install Java in Windows 10 How to run Java program in cmd How to call a method in Java How to sort an array in Java How to iterate HashMap in Java How to write Java program How to create an array in Java How to create a package in Java How to generate random numbers in Java How to input String in Java How to create thread in Java How to find length of String in Java How to sort a string in Java How to use scanner in Java How to achieve multiple inheritance in Java How to run Java program in Eclipse How to call a function in Java How to create array of objects in Java How to create custom exception in Java How to achieve abstraction in Java How to call static method in Java

Java 8 Features

Java 8 Features Lambda Expressions in Java Functional Interface in Java Streams in Java Java Base64 Encoding and Decoding Parallel Arrays Sort in Java

Java 9 Features

Java 9 Tutorial Java 9 Try With Resources Java 9 Interface Private Method

Java Servlet Tutorial

Java Servlets Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Java JSP Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Hibernate Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Spring MVC Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Jenkins Tutorial

Java Math Methods

Math.abs() Math.acos() Math.addExact() Math.asin() Math.atan () Math.atan2() Math.cbrt() Math.ceil() Math.copysign() Math.cos() Math.cosh() Math.decrementExact() Math.exp() Math.expm1() Math.floor() Math.floorDiv() Math.floorMod() Math.getExponent() Math.hypot() Math.IEEEremainder() Math.incrementExact() Math.log() Math.log10() Math.log1p() Math.max() Math.min() Math.multiplyExact() Math.multiplyFull() Math.negateExact() Math.nextAfter() Math.nextDown() Math.nextUp() Math.pow() Math.random() Math.rint() Math.round() Math.scalb() Math.signum() Math.sin() Math.sinh() Math.sqrt() Math.subtractExact() Math.tan() Math.tanh() Math.toDegrees() Math.toIntExact() Math.toRadians() Math.ulp()

Java String Methods

toCharArray() copyValueOf() endsWith() equals() equalsIgnoreCase() format() getBytes() getChars() hashCode() indexOf() intern() isEmpty() join() lastIndexOf() length() replace() replaceAll() replaceFirst() split() startsWith() subSequence() substring() toLowerCase() toUpperCase() trim() valueOf()

Java Conversion

Java Convert String to int Java Convert int to String Java Convert String to long Java Convert long to String Java Convert String to float Java Convert float to String Java Convert String to double Java Convert double to String Java Convert String to Date Java Convert Date to String Java Convert String to Object Java Convert Object to String Java Convert String to char Java Convert char to String Java Convert int to long Java Convert long to int

Misc

Functional Interfaces in Java Singleton class in Java Awesome explanation of Strings in Java Object class in Java Static class in Java All the important string methods in Java String Handling Method in Java What are Array strings in Java Advantages and Disadvantages of Strings in Java Big Decimal class in Java Class definition in Java Char and String differences in Java Difference between String, StringBuffer and StringBuilder in java Replace character in string Java String Coding Interview Questions in Java What is String in Java? String isnullorempty in Java String Matches in Java Trim Method in String Java Bean class in Java Libraries in Java Arithmetic Operations on String in Java Convert Char array to string in java Check whether Java is installed or not How to calculate time difference in Java How to stop execution after a certain time in Java Jagged Array in Java Java ArraylistRemove() Time Complexity Java Swing Time Picker Zigzag Array in Java

String Manipulation in Java

String Manipulation in Java

In Java, string manipulation is a common task performed by programmer. Java String class provides many built-in functions that are used to manipulate string. The manipulation of string includes getting the length of a string, finding the character within a string, String concatenation, getting substring, string modification, etc. The string manipulation can be done manually by a developer or programmer. However, doing things manually takes time. Therefore, Java provides a number of predefined methods to do the manipulation of string. A few of those predefined methods are:

  • split()
  • trim()
  • toLowerCase()
  • toUpperCase()
  • subSquence()

Let’s discuss it in detail.

Java String.split() Method

The split() method takes a regular expression as its parameter and returns an array of strings.

FileName: SplitMethodExample.java

 // A basic Java program that shows the working of the split() method.
 public class SplitMethodExample
 { 
 // main method
 public static void main(String argvs[])
 { 
 // creating an object of String
 String str = new String("Tutorial & Example"); 
 // the split() method returns an array of string
 String arrStr[] = str.split(" ");
 // size of the array
 int size = arrStr.length;
 // iterating over the element of the string array
 for(int i = 0 ; i < size; i++)
 {
     System.out.println(arrStr[i]);
 }
 } 
 }  

Output:

 Tutorial
 &
 Example 

Explanation: In the above program, the split() method splits the input string on the basis of white spaces present in the string. As the input string contains two white spaces, therefore, whatever is present between the index 0 and the first white space is treated as the first element of the resultant string array. Characters from the first white space to the second white space form the second element, and the characters from the second white space till the end of the string form the third element of the resultant string array.

Java String.trim() Method

The trim() method takes no parameter and returns a string. The trim() method removes the trailing and leading spaces from the given string.

FileName: TrimMethodExample.java

 // A basic Java program that shows the working of the trim() method.
 public class SplitMethodExample
 { 
 // main method
 public static void main(String argvs[])
 { 
 // The input string contains two leading spaces and two trailing spaces
 String str = new String("  Tutorial & Example  "); 
 System.out.println("The given string is: " + str + "\n");
 // invoking the trim() method
 str = str.trim();
 System.out.println("The given string is: " + str);
 } 
 }  

Output:

 The given string is:   Tutorial & Example 
 The given string is: Tutorial & Example 

Explanation: The leading and trailing spaces have been removed, and the same is evident by looking at the output.

Java String.toLowerCase() Method

The toLowerCase() method does not accepts any parameter and returns a string. The toLowerCase() method converts the given string into the lower case.

FileName: ToLowerCaseMethodExample.java

 // A basic Java program that shows the working of the toLowerCase() method.
 public class ToLowerCaseMethodExample
 { 
 // main method
 public static void main(String argvs[])
 { 
 // The input string contains two leading spaces and two trailing spaces
 String str = new String("Tutorial & Example"); 
 System.out.println("The given string is: " + str + "\n");
 // invoking the toLowerCase() method
 str = str.toLowerCase();
 System.out.println("The given string is: " + str);
 } 
 }  

Output:

 The given string is: Tutorial & Example
 The given string is: tutorial & example 

Explanation: Observe that letter ‘T’ in ‘Tutorial’ and ‘E’ in ‘Example’ have been converted into ‘t’ and ‘e’, respectively.

Java String.toUpperCase() Method

The toUpperCase() method takes no parameter and returns a string. The toUpperCase() method converts the given string into the upper case.

FileName: ToUpperCaseMethodExample.java

 // A basic Java program that shows the working of the toUpperCase() method.
 public class ToUpperCaseMethodExample
 { 
 // main method
 public static void main(String argvs[])
 { 
 // The input string contains two leading spaces and two trailing spaces
 String str = new String("Tutorial & Example"); 
 System.out.println("The given string is: " + str + "\n");
 // invoking the toUpperCase() method
 str = str.toUpperCase();
 System.out.println("The given string is: " + str);
 } 
 }  

Output:

 The given string is: Tutorial & Example
 The given string is: TUTORIAL & EXAMPLE 

Explanation: Observe that every letter of the words ‘Tutorial’ as well as ‘Example’ has been converted into upper case.

Java String.subSequence() Method

The subSequence() method takes two arguments. One is the startIndex and other is the endIndex. Whatever characters are present between the startIndex and endIndex, startIndex inclusive and endIndex exclusive ([startIndex, endIndex)), are returned. The return type of the method subSquence() is CharSequence.

FileName: SubSequenceMethodExample.java

 // A basic Java program that shows the working of the subSequence() method.
 public class SubSequenceMethodExample
 { 
 // main method
 public static void main(String argvs[])
 { 
 // The input string
 String str = "Hello and Welcome to Tutorial & Example "; 
 System.out.println("The given string is: " + str + "\n");
 int startIndex = 0;
 int endIndex = 5;
 // invoking the subSequence() method
 CharSequence cs = str.subSequence(startIndex, endIndex);
 System.out.println("Subsequence from index "+ startIndex + " to " + endIndex + " is: " + cs);
 // Updating the startIndex and endIndex
 startIndex = 10;
 endIndex = 17;
 // indices from 10 to 16 are considered
 cs = str.subSequence(startIndex, endIndex);
 System.out.println("Subsequence from index "+ startIndex + " to " + endIndex + " is: " + cs);
 // Updating the startIndex and endIndex
 startIndex = 21;
 endIndex = 29;
 // indices from 21 to 28 are considered
 cs = str.subSequence(startIndex, endIndex);
 System.out.println("Subsequence from index "+ startIndex + " to " + endIndex + " is: " + cs);
 } 
 }    

Output:

 The given string is: Hello and Welcome to Tutorial & Example
 Subsequence from index 0 to 5 is: Hello
 Subsequence from index 10 to 17 is: Welcome
 Subsequence from index 21 to 29 is: Tutorial 

Explanation: The above program prints the characters of different works present in the input string on the basis of their indices.



ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT